Self-concept of gifted children and "twice exceptional children"
Zdrojový dokument: Sborník prací Filozofické fakulty brněnské univerzity. P, Řada psychologická. 2005, roč. 53, č. P9, s. -75
Licence: Neurčená licence
The investigation of the gifted children's self-concept is one part of the wider research focused on the sociability and emotionality of the gifted in the Czech Republic. The research was carried out in the sample of children at the age of 7-10. We used Raven's Coloured Progressive Matrices to screen the intelligence of the children in the classrooms. 37 gifted children (IQRaven ≥ 130) and 6 twice exceptional children were compared with 59 non-gifted children (IQRaven ≤ 129) on five domains of the self-concept and the global self-worth (we used Harter's Self-perception profile for children). We found out that gifted children have better self-concept in the domain of school competence. In the other domains there are no significant differences between gifted and non-gifted children. Twice exceptional children have worse self-concept in the domain of social acceptance than gifted children. We were interested also in the differences between boys and girls. Gifted girls described themselves as having a more positive self-concept in the domains of social acceptance, behavioral conduct and physical appearance than did gifted boys. Non-gifted girls have better selfconcept only in the domain of behavioral conduct than have non-gifted boys. This finding probably corresponds to social expectations and stereotypes. The next aim of our research is to study other factors which can influence the self-concept of gifted children (e.g. family relationships and environment, personality traits).