Body schema and somatic psychotherapy-sanotherapy
Source document: Sborník prací Filozofické fakulty brněnské univerzity. P, Řada psychologická. 2002, vol. 50, iss. P6, pp. -88
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If the body schema (Rosenberg, 1979, Fox, 1997) can be considered a perceptual model of the body, the body image is a cognitive(social) emotional model. In fact, body image is not only a cognitive construction but also a reflection of wishes, emotional attitudes and interactions with other. According to Schilder (1950), the body image can be defined as "the picture of our own body which we form in our mind, that is to say, the way in which the body appears to ourselves". Expanding on Schilder's idea, Allamani and Allegrenzi, (1990) refer to the body image as "a complex psychological organisation whitch develops through the bodily experience of an individual and affects both the schéma of behaviour and a fundamental nucleus of self-image". Main point of this article is somatic psychotherapy - sanotherapy. Somatic psychotherapy - sanotherapy is a part of integrative psychotherapeutic school, in which verbal and non-verbal methods are combined. It is process-oriented. Basic techniques are centering, grounding, facing, sounding, focusing, adulting, methods of manual medicine, methods of emotional corrective experiencing.