Some methodological remarks on the phonology of Ancient Greek

Author: Franek, Juraj
Source document: Graeco-Latina Brunensia. 2012, vol. 17, iss. 1, pp. [33]-50
Extent
[33]-50
  • ISSN
    1803-7402 (print)
    2336-4424 (online)
Type
Article
Language
English
License: Not specified license
Abstract(s)
In the second half of the twentieth century, phonological explorations of Ancient Greek and its dialectal diversity took two daring steps closely connected with the methodological advances in general linguistics. The first step was taken by Martín Ruipérez in 1956, who attempted to explain the sound changes in the vocalic systems of Attic and Boeotian by indicating what he thought to be the underlying structural causes of these changes. The second step was taken in 1984 by authors associated (at that time) with Université de Nancy, namely Monique Bile, Claude Brixhe and René Hodot, in a plea for proper incorporation of relevant sociolinguistic factors that could be held accountable for phonological changes in Ancient Greek. These attempts were deemed to be nothing short of methodological revolutions in the study of the development of Ancient Greek phonology and mark a decisive break with non–teleological description of the sound changes predominant in the nineteenth and first part of the twentieth century. The main aim of this paper is to evaluate the application and validity of these approaches in the study of Ancient Greek dialects in general, as well as through one specific example, namely the graphical unsteadiness of the representation of original inherited Proto-Greek /ē/ in Elean dialect.
Článek pojednává o možnosti aplikace strukturalistického a sociolingvistického přístupu na fonologii klasické řečtiny, a to jak teoreticky, tak aplikovaně na příkladě elejštiny. Autor dochází k závěru, že použití obou zmíněných přístupů je v klasické řečtině značně omezeno: strukturalismus bez dalšího nepostačuje na kauzální analýzu hláskových změn a pro úspěšnou aplikaci sociolingvistiky scházejí relevantní data. Každé teleologické uchopení hláskových změn by tedy mělo být opatřeno důslednou metodologií, v rámci které by autoři nejdříve demonstrovali samotnou fundamentální možnost kauzální analýzy dochovaných dat.
Document
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