Czechs of Banaat as the posttolerance sectarian movement descendants
Source document: Religio. 1999, vol. 7, iss. 2, pp. -144
ISSN1210-3640 (print)2336-4475 (online)
License: Not specified license
When the emperor Joseph II issued his Patent of Religious Tolerance (1781), relatively wide sectarian (in Troeltsch's sense) movement turned up in eastern Bohemia. Some of its subjects were, according to the emperor's decision, deported to Austrian Banaat (region in present Hungary and Romania), to the environs of Timisoara. Part of them later had got back to their native land, but most stayed there and, with the other Czech sectars, established the village Svatá Helena (Sfinta Elena) in the twenties of the 19th century. -- They seemed to be members of the Reformated Church, but in fact they conserved their sectarian exclusivity, which exposed out after the arrival of real protestant preacher (in the nineties). Community declared itself as the Adventists and later as the Baptists. The most zealous of Adventists had left Svatá Helena and - as the Methodists - established a new village, Vojvodovo (Selo Vojvodovo) in today's Bulgaria (the first decade of the 20th century). Religious particularism, an inclination to the sectarian type of religiosity was in Svatá Helena and Vojvodovo supported by evidence at least until the middle of the century. -- Field study of contemporary situation, of today's religious faith(s) there, is planned for the nearest future.
- Článek je upravenou podobou referátu prosloveného na II. konferenci studentů religionistiky ČR a SR v Pile u Bratislavy 10.-13. května 1999.