Ut hirpus satietur hircusque integer seruetur

Source document: Graeco-Latina Brunensia. 2012, vol. 17, iss. 2, pp. [111]-115
Extent
[111]-115
  • ISSN
    1803-7402 (print)
    2336-4424 (online)
Type
Article
Language
English
License: Not specified license
Abstract(s)
The purpose of the present article is to offer a new solution of an old etymological puzzle, the mutual relation of Samnite (h)irpus "wolf" and Latin (h)ircus/*(h)irquus "he-goat", as well as Sabine fircus "he-goat", in reality perhaps of Faliscan origin. The new etymology is based on the model of the relation of predator and prey, similarly to the case of Sanskrit chāgabhojin- "wolf", lit. "buck-eater", concretely (h)ircus / *(h)irquus "he-goat" < *χ/(y) erkwos, versus (h)irpus "wolf" < *(h)irp(p)os < *(h)irpVpos <*χ/(y)erkwVpos, originally "buck-catcher", cf. Latin apīscor "I reach after, take, seize, get possession of", adipīscor "I arrive, reach, attain by effort, get, obtain, acquire, get possession of" < *H1ep-. The external cognates, namely Hieroglyphic Luwian irwa- "gazelle", Greek ζορκάς (Herodotus), ζόρξ (Callimachus) "roe, gazelle", Middle Welsh iwrch "roebuck", Old Cornish yorch pl. "caprea", Middle Breton yourch, Breton yourc'h "roebuck" and probably Galatian ἴορκος (Oppianus), ἴορκες, ἴυρκες (Hesychius), support the reconstruction with *y-.
Summary language
Document
References:
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