Archaic folk garments
Source document: . Středověké a novověké zdroje tradiční kultury : sborník příspěvků ze semináře konaného 30. listopadu 2005 v Ústavu evropské etnologie. Editor: Křížová, Alena. Vyd. 1. Brno: Ústav evropské etnologie Masarykovy univerzity, 2006, pp. -200
We lack sources which would help us form an impression of how folk attire developed from the early Middle Ages. Archaeological discoveries have enabled us to learn a little about clothing in the time of the Great Moravian Empire, if only about materials and production techniques. The earliest pictorial documentation, in the form of manuscripts, has its origin in the 11th century, although we have many more such sources from the 14th century. The oldest garment types (worn also in early modern times) include those made from home-produced materials such as wool and flax; these were produced in very simple styles, being either wrapped around the figure or of a simple, right-angled cut with very few seams. In the women's attire of the age, the headscarf was retained (and tied in a variety of ways), as were an undergarment and mantle; the attire of the man was made up of a shirt, breeches and simple outer garments. In the 14th century clothing design underwent great changes; nevertheless, the folk garments of old were retained as being more practical and comfortable as work attire. In summary, archaic garments were preserved among the people either as work attire (for practical reasons) or they were borrowed for use in ceremonial costume, giving them a new, more magical function.
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