Chovanec, Jan (Editor)
Source document: . Chapters from the history of Czech functional linguistics. Editor: Chovanec, Jan. 1. vyd. Brno: Masarykova univerzita, 2014, pp. 41-53
This article explores the relationship between the poetic language and the standard. Mukařovský identifies poetic language as an entity separate and distinct from the standard language. In his view, the standard provides the background against which various distortions are produced with the aim of creating aesthetic effects. The notions of automatization and foregrounding are then introduced: the former refers to production of an utterance in an automatic manner, the latter is associated with a more conscious execution of the utterance that arises when the appropriate norms are violated. In a work of art, we may find the foregrounding of various components that are mutually hierarchically organized in terms of domination and subordination.
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