Som pred zrkadlom lepší?

Variant title
Better before a mirror?
Source document: Pro-Fil. 2014, vol. 15, iss. Doplňkové číslo, pp. [82]-88
Extent
[82]-88
  • ISSN
    1212-9097
Type: Article
Language
Slovak
License: Not specified license
Abstract(s)
Keď sa ľudia nachádzajú medzi inými, správajú sa viac prosociálne, morálne a štedro. Čo však môže ovplyvniť ich správanie v momente, keď sú sami? Aby sa správali ako medzi inými? Jedna z možností môže byť vyvolať pocit, že sa niekto pozerá. Tento účel môže splniť aj obyčajné zrkadlo. Naše výskumy podporujú vplyv zrkadla na dodržiavanie pravidla na súboroch dospelých a detí. V obidvoch experimentoch prítomnosť zrkadla zvyšovala šancu na dodržiavanie stanoveného pravidla. Ako však niečo tak jednoduché ako zrkadlo môže ovplyvniť správanie? Jeden z prístupov tvrdí, že vizuálny stimul spustí automatickú percepciu "niekto sa pozerá", aj napriek tomu, že je to iba odraz v zrkadle. Ďalší možný prístup vychádza z predpokladu, že na seba upriamená pozornosť vyvoláva sebauvedomovanie, pričom sa zviditeľňuje prípadný rozpor medzi konaním a štandardom. Porušenie pravidla v takom momente by mohlo ohroziť sebaúctu. V treťom prístupe autori vychádzajú z princípu negatívnej spätnej väzby. Nakoniec by sme radi spomenuli naše experimenty a navrhli ďalšie možnosti skúmania v tejto oblasti.
When people are among the others, they tend to be more prosocial, moral and generous. What can influence their behavior when they are alone? To make them act as if they are among the others? One of many possible factors can be to make them feel like somebody is looking. It could only be a mirror. Our previous experiments provide the proof of its influence on the compliant behavior of the adult and children samples. In both experimental situations in the presence of the mirror, participants were acting more compliantly with the stated standard. How could something as simple as mirror influence one's behavior? One approach argues that visual stimulus induces automatic perception of "one being watched", even though it is their reflection. In addition, in the situation in front of mirror, the feeling of being watched induces the mechanism of the self-awareness. In the self-awareness state discrepancy between social standard and actual behavior become salient. Transgressing in that situation could endanger self-esteem. The third possible approach is a discrepancy-reducing feedback loop. Finally, we mention results of our experiments and propose further study of the self-awareness in experimental and naturalistic conditions.
Document
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