Útok na Zadar počas IV. križiackej výpravy

Variant title
The attack on Zadar during the Fourth Crusade
Author: Bučko, Peter
Source document: Porta Balkanica. 2015, vol. 7, iss. 1, pp. [17]-26
Extent
[17]-26
  • ISSN
    1804-2449
Type
Article
Language
Slovak
License: Not specified license
Abstract(s)
his study analyzes one of the negative aspects of the history of Crusades. Some of the events that occurred during the Fourth Crusade cause controversy even today — especially the conquest of the Byzantine capital of Constantinople in 1204. his act was preceded by the conquest of the Dalmatian city of Zadar. Here the Crusaders abandoned their original plans to conquer Egypt. he French Crusaders, who were in financial distress, were forced to accept the plans of Venice, and one of these plans was to capture the strategically important town of Zadar. his attack took place in November 1202. he episode outraged not only the Pope, but also the Hungarian king, due to his role as the ruler of Croatia and Dalmatia. Several other aspects played a significant role here; two of these were a dispute over the church jurisdiction and the issue of heresy. These aspects, as well as the Hungarian counterattack, have been rather neglected in the historical literature.
Štúdia analyzuje jeden z negatívnych javov v rámci dejín križiackych výprav. Počas IV. križiackej výpravy prišlo k udalostiam, ktoré dodnes vyvolávajú kontroverziu. Predovšetkým išlo o dobytie hlavného mesta Byzancie, Konštantínopolu v roku 1204. Tomuto aktu predchádzalo dobytie dalmátskeho mesta Zadar. Pôvodný križiacky projekt smerujúci do Egypta bol zabudnutý. Francúzski križiaci, nútení inančnou tiesňou, museli prijať benátske plány. Jedným z nich bolo získanie strategického Zadaru. Samotný útok sa uskutočnil v novembri 1202. Táto epizóda vyvolala rozhorčenie zo strany pápeža a tiež zo strany uhorského kráľa ako panovníka Chorvátska a Dalmácie. Značnú úlohu tu zohrávali viaceré aspekty. Medzi ne patrili aj jurisdikčný spor či otázka herézy. Medzi opomenuté faktory v historickej literatúre patrila aj uhorská odvetná akcia.
Document
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