Normatività e trasgressione nella distribuzione paradigmatica del suppletivismo verbale romanzo

Variant title
Normativity and transgression in the paradigmatic distribution of verbal romance suppletion
Source document: Études romanes de Brno. 2018, vol. 39, iss. 1, pp. 79-93
  • ISSN
    1803-7399 (print)
    2336-4416 (online)
License: Not specified license
La struttura apparentemente irregolare dei paradigmi verbali suppletivi nelle lingue romanze può rivelare a un'attenta osservazione una logica ben radicata nel comportamento linguistico dei parlanti che è in grado di conservarsi in modo sostanzialmente uniforme a distanza di tempo e di spazio. Grazie all'introduzione del concetto di 'morfoma' (Aronoff 1994) è possibile valutare queste presunte anomalie come un fenomeno centrale sia nella naturale evoluzione diacronica delle lingue romanze che nella continua riorganizzazione dei paradigmi verbali ad opera dei parlanti. Tuttavia, una delle principali difficoltà di una simile prospettiva risiede nell'impossibilità di astrarre in assoluto i principi generali alla base di queste distribuzioni paradigmatiche. Una simile problematica però può essere adeguatamente affrontata, sebbene non del tutto risolta, se la ricerca su questo tema ricorre alle teorie, sia passate che presenti, relative al concetto di "norma linguistica", all'interno delle quali i morfomi verbali romanzi possono essere interpretati come espressione della libertà di un sistema linguistico.
The apparently irregular structure of verbal suppletive paradigms in Romance languages reveals in fact a well-established logic in the speakers' language behaviour that has been preserved with uniformity over time and space. Since the introduction of the concept of "morphome" (Aronoff 1994), it has been possible to assess these so-called anomalies as a central phenomenon both in the natural diachronic evolution and in the continuous reorganization of verbal paradigms realized by the speakers. Nevertheless, one of the main difficulties of such a perspective when applied to Romance languages stands in the impossibility of making absolute abstractions of general principles that are at the base of these distributions in verbal paradigms. However, it is possible to deal appropriately with this kind of problems, albeit not definitely solve them, if the research into this issue refers to theories, past and present, about the concept of "linguistic norm", where Romance verbal morphomes can be described as an expression of the freedom in a language system.
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