Alegorie a odkazy k apoštolu Petrovi v Shakespearově Romeovi a Julii

Variant title
Allegory and allusions to St. Peter in Romeo and Juliet
Author: Osolsobě, Petr
Source document: Bohemica litteraria. 2018, vol. 21, iss. 1, pp. 31-46
Extent
31-46
  • ISSN
    1213-2144 (print)
    2336-4394 (online)
Type
Article
Language
Czech
License: Not specified license
Abstract(s)
The recusant culture in the time of the queen Elizabeth (1558–1603) developed a lot of rhetorical devices, figures, tropes and allegories to convey hidden religious and political meanings. Apostle Peter, whose authority had been lessened by reformers, epitomized the institution of papacy and the Roman Church for the Catholics as is clearly understandable from the poem Saint Peter's Complaint by Robert Southwell or from the motet Tu es Petrus by William Byrd. In The Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet Shakespeare creatively adapted motifs taken from his sources (Brooke, Painter) but added to them a remarkable number of allusions, canonical terms, and references to St. Peter the apostle, to the Ecclesia Romana and to Rome as well as to the liturgy of Maundy Thursday and Good Friday, thereby underlining a sacrificial value of Juliet's suffering in figura Christi for the sanctity of her marriage. This article supports the thesis that Shakespeare made use of the Bible and scholastic philosophy for his dramatic purpose, and deliberately imbued the secular subject-matter with a religious vocabulary and imagery.
Document
References:
[1] BIBLE, Douay-Rheims Bible 1582–1609. URL: http://www.drbo.org/.

[2] SHAKESPEARE, William. 1997. The Most Excellent and Lamentable Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet , in The Norton Shakespeare, Greenblatt, S. – Cohen, W. – Maus, K. Eisaman eds., 1. vyd. (New York: Norton), s. 872–941.

[3] BULLOUGH, Geoffrey. 1957. Narative and Dramatic Sources of Shakespeare, vol. 1 (London: Routledge and Paul).

[4] DRÁBEK, Pavel a kol. 2010. Kapradí – knihovna překladů raného anglického dramatu (Brno: Masarykova Univerzita), URL: http://www.phil.muni.cz/kapradi/.

[5] MILWARD, Peter. 1973. Shakespeare's Religious Background (London: Sidgwick & Jackson).

[6] MILWARD, Peter. 1987. Biblical Influences in Shakespeare's Great Tragedies (Bloomington: Indiana University Press).

[7] OSOLSOBĚ, Petr. 2002. " How Could Shakespeare Know There Was a St. Luke in Padua? " SPFFMU, H 36–37 (Brno: Masarykova univerzita), s. 117–125.

[8] OSOLSOBĚ, Petr. 2016. " Přítomnost Edmunda Campiona v Shakespearových hrách ", Kontexty, 2014, 6 (Brno: Centrum demokracie a kultury), s. 52–61.

[9] PAINTER, William. 1890. The Palace of Pleasure , Jacobs, Jos. ed., vol. 3 (London: Ballantyne Press), URL: http://www.gutenberg.org/files/20241/20241-h/20241-h.htm.

[10] SIMPSON, Richard. 1875. " On Evening Mass in Romeo and Juliet, IV, 1, 38 ", in The New Shakespeare's Society Transactions (London: Trübner & Co.), s. 148–152.

[11] SIMPSON, Richard. 1907. Edmund Campion, Jesuit Protomartyr of England, 2. vyd. (London: Burns & Oates).

[12] SIMPSON, Richard – BOWDEN, Henry. 1899. The Religion of Shakespeare (London: Burns & Oates).