The problem of truth, happiness and self-refutation in the philosophical viewpoint of the world by Pyrrho of Elis

Variant title
Problém pravdy, blaženosti a sebavyvrátenia vo filozofickom pohľade na svet u Pyrrhóna z Elidy
Author: Kalaš, Andrej
Source document: Studia philosophica. 2019, vol. 66, iss. 1, pp. 9-26
Extent
9-26
  • ISSN
    1803-7445 (print)
    2336-453X (online)
Type
Article
Language
English
License: Not specified license
Abstract(s)
This paper attempts to explore the concept of truth, human happiness and the related problem of self-refutation in the philosophical viewpoint of the world by Pyrrho of Elis. I argue that according to the so-called metaphysical interpretation of Pyrrho, the reason for our radical incompetence when it comes to knowledge is not our cognitive inability to grasp the truth, but rather the very nature of things of the world. I provide an alternative philosophical interpretation which is based on a philological conjecture in the preserved textual source. I then point out a surprising connection between this radical attitude and the achievement of human happiness, which constitutes the ultimate goal of Pyrrho's philosophy. Finally, I present a possible solution to the problem of self-refutation, which is in a sense a challenge for radical Pyrrhonian agnosticism. By this paper, I endeavour to show how bizarre could be the image of the world viewed by the prism of radical skepticism of the early Pyrrhonism. Nevertheless, it is a world, wherein the philosopher vindicates his/her eudaimonia and defends the logical consistency of one's own claims.
Štúdia sa snaží vysvetliť pojem pravdy, ľudského šťastia, a súvisiaci problém sebavyvrátenia vo filozofickom pohľade na svet u Pyrrhóna z Elidy. Snažíme sa dokázať, že v duchu tzv. metafyzickej interpretácie tohto filozofa dôvodom našej totálnej poznávacej inkompetencie nie je neschopnosť našich kognitívnych mohutností uchopiť pravdu, ale sama povaha vecí sveta. Naznačujeme alternatívnu filozofickú interpretáciu, ktorá sa zakladá na filologickej konjektúre zachovaného textu. Následne poukazujeme na prekvapivé prepojenie medzi týmto radikálnym skeptickým postojom a dosahovaním ľudskej blaženosti, ktorá konštituuje posledný cieľ Pyrrhónovej filozofie. Napokon predstavujeme pozitívne riešenie problému sebavyvrátenia, ktoré je v istom zmysle oslabením radikálneho Pyrrhónovho agnosticizmu. Predkladanou štúdiou sa snažíme ukázať, aký bizarný môže byť obraz sveta nazeraného cez prizmu radikálneho skepticizmu raného pyrrhonizmu. Napriek tomu je to svet, v ktorom filozof zdôvodňuje svoju blaženosť a bráni logickú konzistentnosť vlastných tvrdení.
Note
  • This publication was made possible through the support of the grant project APVV-18-0103 Paradigmatic changes in the understanding of Universe and Man from philosophical, theological, and physical perspectives.
Document
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