Die diplomatischen Beziehungen zwischen Liechtenstein und der Tschechoslowakei bzw. Tschechien 1945 bis heute

Variant title
Diplomatic relations between Liechtenstein and Czechoslovakia and the Czech Republic from 1945 to the present day
Diplomatické vztahy mezi Lichtenštejnskem a Československem, resp. Českou republikou od roku 1945 dodnes
Author: Marxer, Roland
Source document: Studia historica Brunensia. 2020, vol. 67, iss. 2, pp. 115-133
Extent
115-133
  • ISSN
    1803-7429 (print)
    2336-4513 (online)
Type
Article
Language
German
License: Not specified license
Abstract(s)
This article by political scientist and long-standing high-ranking diplomat Roland Marxer provides an insight into Liechtenstein-Czech relations seen through the eyes of the Foreign Affairs Office of the Principality of Liechtenstein. For Liechtenstein as a state, for the princely family, but also for individual Liechtenstein nationals who did not belong to the princely family, a difficult situation arose after the Second World War, largely as a result of the Beneš decrees. Liechtenstein repeatedly stated to Czechoslovakia that it considered the confiscation of Liechtenstein property as assets of persons of "German nationality", which took place in 1945, to be an unacceptable violation of international law. Especially since the beginning of the 1990s, numerous initiatives have been taken at both bilateral and multilateral level in order to achieve lasting recognition of the sovereignty of Liechtenstein by Czechoslovakia, or more exactly, by its two successor states. With the fall of the Berlin Wall and the associated changes in Eastern Europe, the European political landscape changed fundamentally, raising promising hopes for future cooperation in Europe. It must have seemed strange that three European states which were members of different European and international organizations and, as a result, were committed to cooperation that pursued the same goals, still did not have a resolution – in addition to the still unresolved issues of compensation – to mutual recognition and the establishment of diplomatic and consular relations. An agreement on the establishment of diplomatic relations and future cooperation was signed on 8 September 2009. On 7 April 2010, a Memorandum on the Establishment of the Czech-Liechtenstein Commission of Historians was signed, followed by a visit by the Czech Minister of Foreign Affairs to Vaduz.
Summary language
Note
  • Der vorliegende Text ist eine erweiterte Fassung des Vortrags des Autors vom 19. November 2019 im Rahmen der "Liechtensteinischen Geschichtstage in der Tschechischen Republik" an der Philosophischen Fakultät der Masaryk-Universität vom 18. bis 22. November 2019 in Brünn. Der Text beruht auf der Publikation des Autors in Horčička Václav – Marxer, Roland: Liechtenstein und die tschechoslowakischen Konfiskationen von 1945 – Vom Zweiten Weltkrieg bis zur Gegenwart, Hg. von Liechtensteinisch-Tschechische Historikerkommission, Vaduz 2013, S. 141–246: Die Beziehungen Liechtensteins zur Tschechoslowakei und zu deren Nachfolgestaaten seit dem Zweiten Weltkrieg – Nachwirkungen und Entwicklungen bis heute. Dort sind auch die Quellenangaben zu finden.
Document