Art incarnating an act of ethnic resistance and transcending national boundaries : Allen Sapp

Variant title
L'art qui incarne un acte de résistance ethnique et qui transcende les frontières nationales : Allen Sapp
Source document: The Central European journal of Canadian studies. 2020, vol. 15, iss. [1], pp. 53-64
  • ISSN
    1213-7715 (print)
    2336-4556 (online)
Type: Article
License: Not specified license
Rights access
embargoed access
The essay aims to discuss the notion that Aboriginal people, by their mere existence, incarnate an act of resistance. Continuing to live, despite the 19th-century Canadian policy that wanted them to die out and disappear, they kept their ethnicity, and even when adopting the dominant group's culture they present a unique cultural space in Canada. Among those who have drawn their artistic inspirations directly from Aboriginal community and folk art is Allen Sapp (1928–2015), a Canadian Cree painter who resided in North Battleford. He was one of the first Canadian Indigenous artists to enjoy international acclaim. Sapp recorded the everyday lives and festivities of the Cree and other prairie peoples, and that could be read as a form of ethnic resistance. On the other hand, Allen Sapp absorbed the artistic achievements of the European school, creating Canadian art which transcends the national boundaries of his ethnic community.
L'article vise à discuter de la notion selon laquelle, par leur existence, les peuples autochtones incarnent un acte de résistance. Continuant à vivre, malgré la politique canadienne du XIXe siècle qui voulait qu'ils s'éteignent et disparaissent, ils ont conservé leur appartenance ethnique et, même en adoptant la culture du groupe dominant, ils continuent à présenter un espace culturel unique au Canada. Parmi ceux qui ont tiré leurs inspirations artistiques directement de la communauté autochtone et de l'art populaire, il y a Allen Sapp (1928–2015). Il a été l'un des premiers artistes autochtones du Canada à bénéficier d'une renommée internationale. Sapp a enregistré la vie quotidienne et les festivités des Cris et d'autres peuples des Prairies, ce qui pourrait être interprété comme une forme de résistance ethnique. D'autre part, Allen Sapp a absorbé les réalisations artistiques de l'école européenne, créant un art canadien qui transcende les frontières nationales de sa communauté ethnique.
[1] Allan Sapp Gallery. The Gonor Collection.

[2] Atwood, Margaret. Survival. A Thematic Guide to Canadian Literature. Toronto: Anansi, 1991.

[3] Coleman, Michael C. American Indian Children at School, 1850–1930. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2007.

[4] Gadacz, René R. (2006). "Sun Dance". Date published February 7, 2006.

[5] Hultkrantz, Åke, "The Traditional Symbolism of the Sun Dance Lodge among the Wind River Shoshoni." In Belief and Worship in Native North America, edited by Christopher Vecsey, 235–63. Syracuse, New York: Syracuse University Press, 1981.

[6] Kurzen, Crystal M. "Toward Native American Women's Autobiographical Tradition: Genre as Political Practice." In The Oxford Handbook of Indigenous American Literature, edited by James H. Cox and Daniel Heath Justice, 202–214. Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, 2014.

[7] Loyie, Larry (with the help of Constance Brissender). As Long as the Rivers Flow. TorontoVancouver-Berkeley: Douglas &McIntyre, 2003.

[8] McLeod, Neal. Cree Narrative Memory: From Treaties to Contemporary Times. Saskatoon: Purlich Press, 2007.

[9] McLeod, Neal (ed.) Indigenous Poetics in Canada. Waterloo: Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press, 2014.

[10] McNaught, Kenneth W.K. The Pelican History of Canada. Harmondsworth, Middlesex: Penguin Books, 1982.

[11] Mercredi, Ovide W. My Silent Drum. Winnipeg: Aboriginal Issues Press, University of Manitoba, 2015.

[12] Sapp, Allen. I Heard the Drums. Toronto, Buffalo: Stoddart, 1996.

[13] Stanley, George F.G. The Birth of Western Canada: A History of the Riel Rebellions. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1992.

[14] Thompson, Christian. "Allen Sapp." In Christian Thompson (ed.) Saskatchewan First Nations: Lives Past and Present. Regina: University of Regina Press, 2004.

[15] Thompson, Christian. (2006). "Red Pheasant First Nation." In Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan.

[16] Weretiuk, Oksana. "Indian Endurance in A. Suknaski's Poems and A. Sapp's Painting." In Revolution, Evolution and Endurance in Anglophone Literature and Culture, edited by Małgorzata Martynuska and Elżbieta Rokosz-Piejko, 139–150. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Edition, 2017.

[17] White, Phillip M. The Native American Sun Dance Religion and Ceremony: An Annotated Bibliography. Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press, 1998.