Štruktúry typu schola v Pompejách – symbol a ukážka moci príslušníkov pompejskej aristokracie na príklade štruktúr určených na odpočinok

Variant title
Schola-type structures in Pompeii – a symbol and display of the power of pompeian aristocracy on the examples of structures designed for rest
Source document: Studia archaeologica Brunensia. 2020, vol. 25, iss. 2, pp. 5-34
Extent
5-34
  • ISSN
    1805-918X (print)
    2336-4505 (online)
Type: Article
Language
Slovak
Abstract(s)
Predložený článok bude pojednávať o polkruhovitých štruktúrach typu schola, ktoré sa nachádzali v tesnej blízkosti brán na mestských nekropolách v Pompejách a ich funkcia bola určená primárne na odpočinok v rámci funerálneho priestoru. Datovanie schol spadá na prelom letopočtu do obdobia tzv. raného principátu. Predlohu týchto štruktúr je možné nájsť v oblasti východného Stredomoria už v období helenizmu, ktoré sú známe ako exedry. Pozornosť bude venovaná najmä osobám, ktorým boli zmienené scholy dedikované alebo sa o ich výstavbu pričinili. Nahliadnuté bude na ich život, kultúrny pôvod, spoločenské postavenie a úradné či kňazské funkcie v rámci mesta na základe dochovaných archeologických a epigrafických dokladov. V spojitosti s exedrami vo východnom Stredomorí budú rámcovo popísané vybrané príklady na základe ich funkčného alebo topografického zaradenia.
The presented article is treating semicircular schola type structures, that were located in proximity of the gates of the city necropoleis in Pompeii. Their function was primarily meant to be resting spots within funeral temenos. As to dating of the schola type structures, these were constructed in the 1st centuries, both BC and AD, during the period of the Early Principate. Predecessors of these structures can be found in the Eastern Mediterranean already in the period of Hellenism and are known as exedrae. This article is focusing especially on personae to whom the mentioned scholae were dedicated or who contributed to their construction. Their life, cultural origin, social status, executive or priestly functions within the city based on preserved archaeological and epigraphic documents are inspected. Among the exedrae in the Eastern Mediterranean, some examples are selected and considering their functional or topographical classification.
Summary language
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