On the Latin aspectual system : a case study of the verb amāre

Název: On the Latin aspectual system : a case study of the verb amāre
Zdrojový dokument: Graeco-Latina Brunensia. 2024, roč. 29, č. 1, s. 169-190
  • ISSN
    1803-7402 (print)
    2336-4424 (online)
Type: Článek
Přístupová práva
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This article falls within the field of studies of the aspect-tense system of Latin. It is a case study that deals specifically with the use and meanings of the pf. act. indicative and the impf. act. indicative of the verb amāre 'to love', which is seen as the prototypical verb for the category of stative (or non-dynamic) verbs. Using this verb as an example, this paper attempts to show that the lexical-semantic classification of verbs proposed by Vendler (1957) and still widely used today – albeit after various modifications – is not entirely suitable for Latin. The aim of this paper is thus not to report on how one particular verb (amāre) behaves, but rather to point out the methodological problems in the existing account of Latin aspect, which not only needs to be much more rigorously based on the description of the interrelations between grammatical devices and the lexical semantics of verbs, but also must work with a much more refined classification than that at the level of +/− dynamicity, +/− telicity, etc.
This study was supported by the European Regional Development Fund project "Beyond Security: Role of Conflict in Resilience-Building" (reg. no.: CZ.02.01.01/00/22_008/0004595).
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