Burjatský buddhistický obřad "Předloženi tisíce ofěr" u stúpy Dašigomon

Název: Burjatský buddhistický obřad "Předloženi tisíce ofěr" u stúpy Dašigomon
Variantní název:
  • The Buryat Buddhist ritual "One thousand offerings" at the Dashigomon Stūpa
Zdrojový dokument: Religio. 2001, roč. 9, č. 1, s. [25]-50
  • ISSN
    1210-3640 (print)
    2336-4475 (online)
Type: Článek
Licence: Neurčená licence

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The article deals with the ritual "One Thousand Offerings to Bhaishajyagurubuddha, (Buddha of Healing)", which is every other year performed by Buryat Buddhist monks and believers around the Dashigomon stūpa (Tib. Tashi Gomang Chorten /bkra shis sgo mang mchod rten/), close to Urdo-Aga village in Aginskoe Autonomous Region of the Russian Federation. Following a short description of the proceedings of the ritual in the summer of 2000, is a description of the main godness, to whom the ritual is dedicated, Bhaishajyagurubuddha, and his relationship to Buddha Shakyamuni and other Buddhas of healing. The description of Bhaishajyagurubuddha is based on original Tibetan translations of Sanskrit texts. -- The ritual takes place around the Dashigomon stūpa (Bur. suburgan, Tib. chorten /mchod rten/), a Tibetan Buddhist sacral building with extraordinarily complex spiritual semantics. Besides that, the stūpa has its own history reflecting the history of Tibetan and Mongolian Buddhism in Buryatia in the 20th century; the predecessor of this building was constructed by the outstanding Buryat researcher, Tibetanist and traveller Gonbozhab Tsebekovich Tsybikov (1873-1930). An important part of the ritual consists of reciting sacred texts. Their classification, order, description and placing into the historical and religious context is dealt with in the next part of the article. The central text of the ritual, called "One thousand offerings of arura, garanteeing immortality, to seven kindred masters of healing" (Bur. Donshod, Tongchö /Tib. stong mchod/) has been translated from Tibetan into Czech for the first time as well as provided with a commentary. In its conclusion the study points out that by describing this ritual it is well possible to illustrate the contemporary situation of religion in Buryatia, its historical events and, above all, its present restoration.