Een woordsoort als brug

Název: Een woordsoort als brug
Variantní název:
  • A part of speech as a bridge
Zdrojový dokument: Brünner Beiträge zur Germanistik und Nordistik. 2019, roč. 33, č. 2, s. 79-91
  • ISSN
    1803-7380 (print)
    2336-4408 (online)
Type: Článek

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The aim of this paper is to show that blends or portmanteau words form an intermediate category between monomorphemic and polymorphemic words. First, it will be shown that one must distinguish between two types of concatenations of portions of two words. On the one hand formations that combine the first portions of the two source words and on the other hand words in which the first part of the first source word is combined with the final part of the second. These last group are real blends. The first one is better called clipped compounds, complex clippings or stub compounds. Both groups show a righthand head. Clipped compounds appear to be a subcategory of compounds and follow the Compound Stress Rule. In blends the right part of the final form is also the head. However, blends copy the prosodic and syllabic structure of the second source word. Whereas compounds consist of at least two prosodic or phonological words, blends consist of only one. This leads to the conclusion that blends can best be described as an intermediate category between compounds and simplex words. Most of the examples described in this paper come from Dutch, however, some German and English examples are also discussed. Blending operates in a similar way in these languages. Therefore, the analysis presented here does not claim universal validity.
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