School administrator self-esteem and its relationship to trust in teachers

Název: School administrator self-esteem and its relationship to trust in teachers
Zdrojový dokument: Studia paedagogica. 2015, roč. 20, č. 4, s. [33]-51
  • ISSN
    1803-7437 (print)
    2336-4521 (online)
Type: Článek
Licence: Neurčená licence

Upozornění: Tyto citace jsou generovány automaticky. Nemusí být zcela správně podle citačních pravidel.

This study aims to determine the level of school administrator self-esteem and its relationship to school administrator trust in teachers. The research design is a relational survey. The study was conducted at K-12 schools (a total of 131 schools) in İzmit county in the Kocaeli province of Turkey. The data were gathered through a three-part questionnaire: the first part consisted of the Rosenberg (1989) self-esteem scale, a ten-item four-point Likert-type scale; the second part included a three-factor trustworthiness instrument with 17 items by Mayer and Davis (1999); and the third part was related to six demographic variables. SPSS 13.0 was used for data analysis. Descriptive and inferential statistical techniques were applied to the data. Findings revealed that administrators have very low levels of self-esteem. Their levels of trust in teachers were also found to be low in all three dimensions of trustworthiness that were affected by administrator self-esteem. Results indicated that administrator self-esteem, education level, and seniority as an administrator in the current school were positively correlated with trust; title, school level, and seniority as an administrator were negatively correlated.
[1] Amogbokpa, T. G. (2010). The connection between the two facets of trust (supervisor trust and subordinate trust) and leader-member exchange relationship in two manufacturing organizations. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN. Retrieved from

[2] Aydoğan, İ. (2013). Evaluation of school administrators' life quality in terms of some certain variables. Education and Science, 38(167), 327–335.

[3] Baldwin, S. A., & Hoffmann, J. P. (2002). The dynamics of self-esteem: A growth-curve analysis Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 31(2), 101–113. Retrieved from | DOI 10.1023/A:1014065825598

[4] Baş, G., & Şentürk, C. (2011). İlköğretim okulu öğretmenlerinin örgütsel adalet, örgütsel vatandaşlık ve örgütsel güven algıları [Elementary school teachers' perceptions of organizational justice, organizational citizenship behaviors and organizational trust]. Kuram ve Uygulamada EğitimYönetimi [Educational Administration: Theory and Practice], 17(1), 29–62.

[5] Baumeister, R. F., Campbell, J. D., Krueger, J. I., & Vohs, K. D. (2003). Does high self-esteem cause better performance, interpersonal success, happiness, or healthier lifestyles? Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 4(1), 1–44. Retrieved from | DOI 10.1111/1529-1006.01431

[6] Branden, N. (1995). The Six Pillars of Self-Esteem: The Definitive Work on Self-Esteem by the Leading Pioneer in the Field. Retrieved from

[7] Canipe, J. S. (2006). Relationships among trust, organizational commitment, perceived organizational support, and turnover intentions. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Alliant International University, San Diego, CA. Retrieved from

[8] Çokluk, Ö, Şekercioğlu, G., & Büyüköztürk, Ş. (2010). Sosyal bilimler için çok değişkenli istatistik: SPSS ve Lisrel uygulamaları [Multivariate Statistic for Social Sciences: SPSS and Lisrel Applications]. Ankara: Pegem Akademi.

[9] Ellison, C. W., & Firestone, I. J. (1974). Development of interpersonal trust as a function of self-esteem, target status, and target style Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 29(5), 655–663. DOI 10.1037/h0036629 |

[10] Hair, J. F., Anderson, R. E., Tahtam, R. L., & Black, W. C. (1998). Multivariate Data Analysis. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.

[11] Henkin, A. B., Singleton, C. A., Holman, F.B., & Dee, J. R. (2003). Trust in schools: Extending the perspective to institutions. Journal of Research in Education, 13(1), 22–30. Retrieved from

[12] Hoy, W. K., & Tschannen-Moran, M. (1999). Five faces of trust: An empirical confirmation in urban elementary schools Journal of School Leadership, 9(3), 184–208. Retrieved from | DOI 10.1177/105268469900900301

[13] Johnson, P. L (1988). Factors affecting the self-esteem of administrators in land-grant colleges and universities. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, The University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE. Retrieved from

[14] Jöreskog, K. G., & Sörbom, D. (2001). Lisrel 8: User's reference guide. Chicago: Scientific Software International.

[15] Kernis, M. H. (2003). Toward a conceptualization of optimal self-esteem Psychological Inquiry, 14(1), 1–26. Retrieved from | DOI 10.1207/S15327965PLI1401_01

[16] Krot, K., & Lewicka, D. (2012). The importance of trust in manager-employee relationships. International Journal of Electronic Business Management, 10(3), 224–233. Retrieved from

[17] Lapidot, Y., Kark, R., & Shamir, B. (2007). The impact of situational vulnerability on the development and erosion of followers' trust in their leader The Leadership Quarterly, 18(1), 16–34. | DOI 10.1016/j.leaqua.2006.11.004

[18] Lewicka, D., & Krot, K. (2012). The Significance and Measurement of Trust in the Organization in the Light of the Empirical Studies. (Research Project No. 115 270939). Krakow: AGH University of Science and Technology, Management Faculty. Retrieved from

[19] Mayer, R. C., & Davis, J. H. (1999). An integrative model of organizational trust. Journal of Applied Psychology, 84(1), 123–136. Retrieved from

[20] Mayer, R. C., Davis, J. H., & Schoorman, F. D. (1995). An integrative model of organizational trust The Academy of Management Review, 20(3), 709–734. Retrieved from | DOI 10.5465/amr.1995.9508080335

[21] McWhirter, B. T. (1997). Loneliness, learned resourcefulness, and self-esteem in college students Journal of Counseling & Development, 75(6), 460–469. Retrieved from | DOI 10.1002/j.1556-6676.1997.tb02362.x

[22] Neufeldt, V., & Sparks, A.N. (Eds.). (1990). Webster's New World Dictionary. Cleveland, OH: Warner Books.

[23] Pierce, J. L., & Gardner, D. G. (2004). Self-esteem within the work and organizational context: A review of the organization-based self-esteem literature Journal of Management, 30(5), 591–622. Retrieved from at Akdeniz Universitesi | DOI 10.1016/

[24] Podsakoff, P.M., MacKenzie, S.B., Moorman, R.H., & Fetter, R. (1990). Transformational leader behaviors and their effects on followers' trust in leader, satisfaction, and organizational citizenship behaviors The Leadership Quarterly, 1(2), 107–142. | DOI 10.1016/1048-9843(90)90009-7

[25] Polat, S., & Doyuran, Ş. (2005). Okul müdürlerinin güç mesafesi ve belirsizlikten kaçınma eğilimleri ile güven düzeyleri arasındaki ilişki [The Relationship between Trust Level of School Principals and their Power Distance and Tendencies Towards Avoiding Uncertainty]. 14. Ulusal Eğitim Bilimleri Kongresine sunulan bildiri [Paper presented at the 14th National Educational Sciences Conference]. Denizli: Pamukkale Üniversitesi.

[26] Polat, S. (2007). Kocaeli'de görev yapan öğretmenlerin okul müdürlerine güven düzeyleri [The trust level of teachers working in Kocaeli in their principals]. Çağdaş Eğitim Dergisi, 32(341), 32–39.

[27] Polat, S. & Celep, C. (2008). Ortaöğretim öğretmenlerinin örgütsel adalet algıları, örgütsel güven, örgütsel vatandaşlık davranışlarına ilişkin algıları [Perceptions of secondary school teachers on organizational justice, organizational trust, organizational citizenship behaviors. Kuram ve Uygulamada Eğitim Yönetimi [Educational Administration: Theory and Practice], 54(1), 307–331.

[28] Puusa, A., & Tolvanen, U. (2006). Organizational identity and trust. EJBO Electronic Journal of Business Ethics and Organization, 11(2), 29–33. Retrieved from

[29] Rosenberg, M. (1989). Society and the adolescent self-image. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press.

[30] Self-esteem (2015). Oxford: Oxford Dictionaries. Retrieved from

[31] Self-esteem (2015). Retrieved from Merriam-Webster website

[32] Self-esteem (2015). Retrieved from Wikipedia website

[33] Schermelleh-Engel, K., Moosbrugger, H., & Müller, H. (2003). Evaluating the fit of structural equation models: Tests of significance and descriptive goodness of fit measures. Methods of Psychological Research Online, 8(2), 52. Retrieved from

[34] Schoorman, F. D., Mayer, R. C., & Davis, J. H. (2007). An integrative model of organizational trust: past, present, and future Academy of Management Review, 32(2), 344–354. | DOI 10.5465/AMR.2007.24348410

[35] Schwabsky, N. (2014). Teachers' individual citizenship behavior (ICB): the role of optimism and trust, Journal of Educational Administration, 52(1), 37–57. Retrieved from | DOI 10.1108/JEA-08-2012-0092

[36] Swanson, S. R., Davis, J. C., & Zhao, Y. (2007). Motivations and relationship outcomes: The mediating role of trust and satisfaction Journal of Nonprofit & Public Sector Marketing, 18(2), 1–25. Retrieved from | DOI 10.1300/J054v18n02_01

[37] The American Heritage Dictionary (1992). Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Company.

[38] Tschannen-Moran, M. (2003). Fostering organizational citizenship: Transformational leadership and trust. In W.K. Hoy & C.G. Miskel, Studies in Leading and Organizing Schools (pp. 157–179). Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing.

[39] Tschannen-Moran, M., & Hoy, W. K. (2000). A multidisciplinary analysis of the nature, meaning, and measurement of trust Review of Educational Research, 70(4), 547–593. Retrieved from | DOI 10.3102/00346543070004547

[40] University of Maryland (2004). The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Retrieved from

[41] Vineburgh, J. H. (2010). A study of organizational trust and related variables among faculty members at HBCUs. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA. Retrieved from

[42] Vodicka D. (2006). The four elements of trust. Principal Leadership 7(3), 27–30.

[43] Weining, A. N., & Smith, E. L. (2012). Self-esteem and trust: Correlation between self-esteem and willingness to trust in undergraduate students. Student Pulse Online Academic Student Journal. 4(8), 1–2. Retrieved from

[44] Yücel, C., & Samancı, G. (2009). Organizational trust and organizational citizenship behavior. Firat University Journal of Social Science, 19(1), 113–132.