The sacral space in the religious mind of ancient Mesoamerica
Zdrojový dokument: Religio. 1999, roč. 7, č. 1, s. -22
ISSN1210-3640 (print)2336-4475 (online)
Licence: Neurčená licence
The study deals with the ways of perceiving the space in the cultures of Ancient Mesoamerica, especially of Mayas and Aztecs. The aim of the contribution is not to document the application of the model of space in the sphere of mythology, ritual, art etc. The author seeks the elementary basis of the concept of sacral space, its basic variants and models. -- In the first part of the study the author follows the close interlacing of space and time in Maya thought manifested for instance on the glyph G in long-counting and its nine variants "Lords of Nights". In the seeking of their celestial pendants the author finds the conception of nine nightly and thirteen daily hours, applicated also in the concept of space. The author documents that the deities which correspond to these celestial and terrestrial levels often occur also both in the celestial and terrestrial pantheons. Identical model follows also the fight of Oxlahún Ti Ku and Bolón Ti Ku as the allegoric representants of both spheres. -- The author does not offer a solution in the form of inspiration in the Christian eschatology. He points out the authentic tradition in which the dark Nine is winning, but not absolutely; at the same time it is prepared the winning of the Thirteen in the future time. The author does not assume the idea of final definitive winner in this process of alteration. ...