Les sens du signe: l'herméneutique divinatoire dans l'historiographie latine d'époque impériale

Název: Les sens du signe: l'herméneutique divinatoire dans l'historiographie latine d'époque impériale
Zdrojový dokument: Études romanes de Brno. 2014, roč. 35, č. 1, s. [105]-122
Rozsah
[105]-122
  • ISSN
    1803-7399 (print)
    2336-4416 (online)
Type: Článek
Jazyk
Licence: Neurčená licence
 

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Abstrakt(y)
Whoever deals with double-entendre in antic divination seems to refer exclusively to the topos of enigmatic oracular answers. But however famous, the oracular tradition represents only a small part of divination literature, and oracular ambiguity is only a particular instance of the use of polysemy in divination practice and discourse. By focusing on the interpretation and the pragmatics of interpretation in imperial Latin historiography – Suetonius especially, but also Quintus Curtius, Tacitus, and Ammianus – I want to highlight three things. First, that a sign is a compound of three distinct levels of meaning, which correspond to three distinct cognitive operations – description, identification, and interpretation. Second, that in the meantime, the abundance of analogical meanings is an obstacle to establish the genuine meaning of an omen. Third, that an interpreter nevertheless builds up a convincing interpretation precisely by handling numerous levels of meaning. From this point of view the exegesis of signs – whose very purpose is to decipher the future – is, under the appearance of learned, playful speculation, an actual rhetoric of power.