Changes in Catholic rites of passage in a secularizing society in the second half of the 19th century
Zdrojový dokument: Studia historica Brunensia. 2015, roč. 61, č. 2, s. -70
ISSN1803-7429 (print)2336-4513 (online)
Licence: Neurčená licence
This paper looks at the changes in Catholic rites of passage as they faced pressure from modernization and the secularization of society in the second half of the 19th century. It focuses on the transformation of three key rituals – christenings, weddings and funerals – and charts changes in them during the second half of the 19th century. These changes were noted in Catholic journals and pastoral guides for clergymen in the parishes, which provide a series of testimonies to the transformation of these rituals. These sources show a clearly observable struggle between the Catholic Church and the faithful, whose devotion was gradually weakened under secularization. This put pressure on clergymen to adapt rituals to the congregation's needs and ideas, and in so doing started the journey towards the privatization and individualization of rites of passage.