A case of habere + participle in late Latin

Author: Mikulová, Jana
Source document: Graeco-Latina Brunensia. 2013, vol. 18, iss. 2, pp. [77]-87
Extent
[77]-87
  • ISSN
    1803-7402 (print)
    2336-4424 (online)
Type: Article
Language
English
Latin
License: Not specified license
Abstract(s)
The paper examines the characteristics of habere transgressa, a case of habere + past participle, as found in Passio Desiderii. In comparison to other texts under examination, habere transgressa shows a high degree of grammaticalization, as a construction with an inanimate subject and participle of an intransitive verb. It is suggested that the use of the auxiliary habere may have been influenced by the development of the impersonal habet as well as the expanding meaning of habere. Habere + past participle occurred only twice in Passio Desiderii, while the auxiliary esse with past participle was found frequently in the text. Habere transgressa thus seems an important, although an isolated, example of habere + past participle, a study of which can contribute to a better understanding of the development of habere + past participle from Latin to Romance languages.
V příspěvku se zkoumají charakteristiky spojení habere transgressa, které je doloženo v pozdně latinském textu Passio Desiderii. Habere transgressa vykazuje známky vyššího stupně gramatikalizace, protože má neživotný podmět a participium transgressa je zde intranzitivní. Ve srovnávacím souboru textů nebyla nalezena žádná další konstrukce s těmito charakteristikami. Použití habere by mohlo souviset s rozšiřováním významu habere a vývojem neosobního habet. V Passio Desiderii jsou pouze dva případy perifrastické konstrukce s habere, převažuje spojení participia se slovesem esse. Třebaže je konstrukce habere transgressa ojedinělá, jedná se o jeden z dokladů, které umožňují lépe poznat vývoj habere s participiem do románských jazyků.
Document
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