Emile Durkheim's conception of the role of science in politics
Source document: Studia philosophica. 2009, vol. 56, iss. 1-2, pp. -45
ISSN1803-7445 (print)2336-453X (online)
License: Not specified license
Durkheim's political interest stems from an analysis of anomies of the late 19th century society. He credits the anomies to the changes in the organization of labor division in the society as well as to the fact that man is a being with ever increasing demands. In this respect he appeals to all social classes to abide by the rule of moderateness. - Durkheim poses the question if sociologists can contribute to social reform. In his view the most important contribution is their scientific work, i.e. an analysis and a description of social reality. Such activity does not qualify them as politicians. In politics, a scientist can only act as a citizen or possibly an adviser and an educator.