A comparative frequency analysis of russicisms

Title: A comparative frequency analysis of russicisms
Author: Caldrová, Anna
Source document: Opera Slavica. 2020, vol. 30, iss. 4, pp. 35-47
  • ISSN
    1211-7676 (print)
    2336-4459 (online)
Type: Article

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Every language is a living organism, it is constantly evolving, changing and most importantly adapting to the needs of its speakers. Old words are falling into disuse, new words are entering lexicon. There is a specific category of words which are adopted from other languages. This paper focuses on so-called russicisms and their usage in the Czech language during the last thirty years. I use a classification of lexemes excerpted from Václav Machek's Etymological Dictionary of the Czech Language to compare the frequency of each category's occurrence between 1989 and 2018, using the Czech National Corpus as source for texts and frequency data. The article reveals what types of russicisms we may encounter in Czech and what tendencies they show in analyzed period, which will get us a better idea how influence of Russian to Czech developed.