Alla ricerca di un Medioevo perduto : la basilica di San Giorgio Maggiore a Napoli (IV–XVII secolo)

Title: Alla ricerca di un Medioevo perduto : la basilica di San Giorgio Maggiore a Napoli (IV–XVII secolo)
Variant title:
  • In search of lost Middle Ages : the basilica of San Giorgio Maggiore in Naples
  • Hledání ztraceného středověku : bazilika San Giorgio Maggiore v Neapoli (4.–17. století)
Source document: Convivium. 2016, vol. 3, iss. 2, pp. 48-67
  • ISSN
    2336-3452 (print)
    2336-808X (online)
Type: Article
Summary language
License: Not specified license
Rights access
fulltext is not accessible

Notice: These citations are automatically created and might not follow citation rules properly.

The basilica of San Giorgio Maggiore in Naples played an important role in the city's history during the Middle Ages. Built by Bishop Severus (c. 362–408), it was the earliest of the city's four baptismal basilicas (Catolicae maiores) and was governed by a priestly congregation controlled by the Chapter of the cathedral. The seat of religious and civic institutions, it was the site of public ceremonies performed by the bishop. Architect Cosimo Fanzago rebuilt the church after it was largely destroyed by fire in 1640, but visual and textual sources enable reconstruction of its primitive features. The original church's only surviving structure is the Early Christian apse, pierced by three arches resting on marble columns. The apse's exact chronology and the function of its triforium are still debated. As affirmed by the ninth-century Gesta episcoporum Neapolitanorum, the apse was decorated with a mosaic, the iconography of which is investigated here. The church's interior was divided by marble columns into a nave and two side aisles (twenty-two columns were reused in other buildings and survive today). A transept gave access to the apse. In the high altar, topped by a ciborium built by archbishop Hubert d'Ormont in 1310, the relics of Severus were visible through two fenestellas confessionis. The marble urn, a thirteenth-century cloth, and fragments from the bishop's first burial place in the catacombs of San Severo are now on display behind the baroque altar.