The Gramophone : Lem against the Chinese Room

Title: The Gramophone : Lem against the Chinese Room
Author: Picha, Marek
Source document: Pro-Fil. 2021, vol. 22, iss. Special issue, pp. 54-64
  • ISSN
    1212-9097 (online)
Type: Article

Notice: These citations are automatically created and might not follow citation rules properly.

The text focuses on Lem's rejection of the Chinese Room, a prominent challenge to the sufficiency of the Turing test. After outlining Lem's relationship to the Turing test, it offers an exposition of two of Lem's thought experiments, the Gramophone and the Jigsaw, whose critique is directly related to the critique of the Chinese Room. The text shows that Lem's key argument is to point out the computational naivety of the machines that feature in these experiments. The text concludes by presenting some of Lem's views on the nature of machine consciousness.
[1] Block, N. (1981): Psychologism and Behaviorism. The Philosophical Review, 90(1): 5–43. | DOI 10.2307/2184371

[2] Dennett, D. C. (1991): Consciousness Explained. Little, Brown and Co.

[3] Descartes, R. (1992): Rozprava o metodě. Nakladatelství Svoboda.

[4] Fodor, J. A. (1975): The Language of Thought. Harvard University Press.

[5] Haugeland, J. (1985): Artificial Intelligence: The Very Idea. MIT Press.

[6] Hofstadter, D., Dennett, D. (1981): The Mind’s I. Bentam Books.

[7] Chalmers, D. (1995): Absent Qualia, Fading Qualia, Dancing Qualia. In: Metzinger, T. (ed.): Conscious Experience. Imprint Academic.

[8] Lem, S. (1995): Summa technologiae. Magnet-Press.

[9] Lem, S. (1999): Tajemství čínského pokoje. Mladá fronta.

[10] Searle, J. R. (1980): Minds, Brains and Programs. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 3(3): 417–457. | DOI 10.1017/S0140525X00005756

[11] Searle, J. (1992): The Rediscovery of the Mind. MIT Press.

[12] Turing. A. (1950): Computing Machinery and Intelligence. Mind, New Series, 59(236): 433–460.