Irelevantnosť Turingovho testu v súčasnom hlbokom učení

Variant title
The irrelevance of the Turing test in current deep learning
Author: Hriadel, Ondrej
Source document: Pro-Fil. 2021, vol. 22, iss. 2, pp. 28-44
Extent
28-44
  • ISSN
    1212-9097 (online)
Type: Article
Language
Slovak
Abstract(s)
Úlohou umelej inteligencie (UI) v Turingovom teste je imitovať človeka do takej miery, aby vyšetrovateľ nebol schopný rozlíšiť stroj od človeka. S príchodom hlbokého učenia (DL) (podkategória UI) sa však situácia mení, pretože sa tieto systémy namiesto simulovania ľudskej inteligencie zameriavajú na riešenie konkrétnych problémov. Z dôvodu, že tieto umelé systémy nesimulujú ľudskú inteligenciu, sa otvára otázka, či nie je Turingov test v problematike hlbokého učenia irelevantný. Na problém sa je možné pozrieť v troch častiach. Po prvé, sa je potrebné zamerať na aplikačné využitie Turingovho testu v Loebnerovej cene, v ktorej sú kladené otázky zamerané na aspekty ľudskej inteligencie – učenie, usudzovanie a porozumenie. Po druhé, je možné považovať za problém, že sa v Turingovom teste rozumie pod inteligenciou iba všeobecná ľudská inteligencia. Keďže ani DL touto formou inteligencie nedisponuje, je možné bez pochýb označiť túto UI za neinteligentnú? Nakoniec je otázne, či by vlastne malo zmysel, aby účelovo zameraná UI, akou je DL, absolvovala Turingov test, nakoľko samotný test žiadne ďalšie poznatky o analýze problémov alebo inteligencii neprináša.
The role of artificial intelligence in the Turing test is to imitate human beings to such an extent that people will not realize it is a machine. With the rise of deep learning (a subcategory of AI), the situation is changing rapidly as the new systems do not focus on imitating human intelligence but emphasize thorough solutions to specific issues. The main difference between predefined AI and deep learning (DL) is that these systems are self-learning and have verifiable results. Firstly, we need to analyse the application of the Turing test in the Loebner Prize because, there, the primary emphasis is on aspects of human intelligence – learning, reasoning and understanding. Secondly, in the Turing test, only general intelligence is considered, and this can be questionable. If DL does not possess this form of intelligence, by this reasoning, we should consider it unintelligent. However, is such understanding correct? The third and last aspect questions whether the Turing test is beneficial for an AI designed for specific tasks because the results do not bring any new data and conclusions.
Note
  • Tento príspevok vznikol vďaka podpore APVV-17-0064 - Analýza multidimenzionálnej podoby trans- a posthumanizmu.
Document
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