Talent and creativity in preschool age children: a pilot study

Source document: Studia paedagogica. 2016, vol. 21, iss. 4, pp. 77-98
  • ISSN
    1803-7437 (print)
    2336-4521 (online)
Type: Article
License: Not specified license
The paper deals with an analysis of the relationship between overall giftedness and two types of creativity (figural and verbal) in preschool age children. The objective was to describe and analyze the relationship between the two types of creativity and the relationship between each type and the overall amount of talent as well as to design a predictive model with the overall amount of talent as the dependent variable. The overall amount of talent was measured on the Characteristics of Giftedness Scale, verbal creativity through storytelling, and figural creativity with the Test for Creative Thinking – Drawing Production. The data was obtained on a sample of 32 preschool aged children obtained through convenience sampling. The results suggest a (significant) moderate correlation between the two types of creativity and a not significant weak correlation between creativity and giftedness (verbal creativity r = 0.361 and figural creativity r = 0.222). Of the component characteristics, giftedness was most closely correlated with a child's inclination to assign pictures of unknown animal names not typical for humans and the inclination to conceive of a drawing as a single thematic whole (completing unfinished figures). These elements also had the greatest weight in the presented predictive model. A byproduct of the study is the finding that overall giftedness at preschool age is weakly correlated with the education of the father (r = 0.248) and even more so that of the mother (r = 0.363). The study discusses its own limitations and suggests opportunities for further research.
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