Structures strophiques dans la poésie épigraphique de l'Italie ancienne: inscription latine archaïque du duenos (CIL I2 4), épitaphe pélignienne de la pristafalacirix (ST Pg 9, Corfinium)

Variant title
Strophic structures in the epigraphical poetry of Ancient Italy: Archaic Latin duenos inscription (CIL I2 4), Paelignian pristafalacirix epitaph (ST Pg 9, Corfinium)
Source document: Graeco-Latina Brunensia. 2017, vol. 22, iss. 1, pp. 147-163
  • ISSN
    1803-7402 (print)
    2336-4424 (online)
License: Not specified license
Recent advances in our understanding of the Paelignian inscription ST Pg 9 make it worthwhile to reconsider the metrical structure of the text. We test the validity of the accentual framework. Whereas Sabellian words are normally accented on their first (leftmost) syllables, we contend that the anaptyxis that is displayed in the penultimate syllables by the two words which end in -ácirix implies an internal accent on the syllable preceding the heavy suffix */krīk/. A hitherto unnoticed parallel to this putative accentual movement in the Paelignian derivatives is furnished by the Umbrian nouns kumnahkle, mantrahklu, feřehtru, in which the "heavy" suffixes /klV/ or /trV/ have caused the accent to be shifted forward to the presuffixal vowel, as is demonstrated by the spellings eh, ah denoting vowel length (which was preserved under the accent). It may also be possible to adduce some arguments supporting an accentuation of the type praistákla in South Picene, in which the presuffixal vowel may have attracted the accent. We suggest that the accent was transferred to the presuffixal syllable of the two -cirix-words due to Umbrian and/or South Picene influence on the Paelignian variety reflected in this text. Such a hypothesis should occasion no surprise, as the language of ST Pg 9 clearly shares other phonological features with Umbrian and/or South Picene. Furthermore, if we suppose that these two long polysyllables have received a secondary accent on their first syllables due to the analogy of most nouns (which have initial accents), then the resulting distribution of word accents in the inscription ST Pg 9 allows us to identify the metrical structure of the text and to detect a strophic organisation. We also define the "principle of collision" according to which only one of two consecutive stressed syllables can be ictic. Finally, we provide an etymological discussion of some of the more recalcitrant words: clisuist, lifar, firata (and ecuc). Moreover, a new segmentation of the final portion of the second line of the famous duenos inscription, oites / iai / paca / riuois, in which the word iai (to be compared to the first part of the Umbrian adverb iepi < *iyāi-kwid) was realized as a dissyllabic sequence, has led us to establish the poetic nature of the text and to uncover its strophic organisation. The accentual (rather than the quantitative) approach works well for the Archaic Latin duenos inscription (and for the Paelignian documents), but it remains an open question how best to interpret the rhythmic nature (quantitative or accentual?) of the so-called "Saturnian" verse found in epic texts and in dedicatory or funerary inscriptions written in Republican Latin.
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