The distributional asymmetries of English antonyms in language use

Source document: Brno studies in English. 2017, vol. 43, iss. 1, pp. [5]-32
Extent
[5]-32
  • ISSN
    0524-6881 (print)
    1805-0867 (online)
Type
Article
Language
English
License: Not specified license
Abstract(s)
Corpus data evidence shows that antonymous pairs tend to be used in a preferred sequence in a sentence. Jones (2002) proposed seven factors as sequence rules in his study of English antonyms (morphology, positivity, magnitude, chronology, gender, phonology and idiomaticity), presenting as only marginal the factors of word frequency and markedness. This research differs from Jones' study with respect to methodology, the size of the database and the treatment of the concept of markedness, which results in a much higher proportion of statistically relevant pairs, and different conclusions regarding the factors of antonym ordering. It argues that there is a strong correlation between antonym sequence in language use and the concept of markedness. It is argued that the distributional asymmetries of antonym ordering in language use are conceptual in nature and influenced by the principle of markedness and the principles of temporal and visual-spatial ordering.
Document
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