Anthony Collins v kontextu raného britského osvícenství

Variant title
Anthony Collins in the context of early British Enlightenment
Author: Čížek, Jan
Source document: Pro-Fil. 2018, vol. 19, iss. 1, pp. 19-35
  • ISSN
    1212-9097 (online)
License: Not specified license
Cílem této studie je představit základní rámec filozofického díla anglického volnomyšlenkáře Anthonyho Collinse (1676–1729) v kontextu britského osvícenského myšlení konce 17. a první poloviny 18. století. Prostřednictvím analýzy jednotlivých spisů je vyloženo Collinsovo chápání rozumu jako nástroje nepostradatelného nejen v oblasti poznání profánního, ale také divinálního. Studie dále sleduje Collinsovu obhajobu naprosté volnosti myšlení i formy jeho vyjádření. Významný prostor je věnován rovněž autorově filozofii náboženství. Studie dokládá, že Collins nebyl izolovaným myslitelem, ale že ve svém díle těžil jak z předcházející (Spinoza, Herbert z Cherbury a především John Locke), tak i současné filozofické diskuze (zejména John Toland).
The paper aims to introduce the main aspects of the philosophical work of the English free-thinker Anthony Collins (1676–1729) and portray it in the context of the British Enlightenment (esp. between the end of the 17th century and the first half of the 18th century). By means of an analysis of Collins's individual works, the paper illustrates his understanding of reason as an instrument necessary not only in the area of profane but also of the divine knowledge. The paper further deals with Collins’s defence of absolute freedom of thought and the form of its presentation. A considerable amount of attention is also paid to Collins's philosophy of religion. The study documents that Collins was by no means an isolated philosopher; on the contrary, his work was based on previous (Spinoza, Edward Herbert of Cherbury and mainly John Locke) as well as on contemporary philosophical discussions (especially John Toland).
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