Negative concord in classical Greek case study : Xenophon

Source document: Graeco-Latina Brunensia. 2019, vol. 24, iss. 2, pp. 163-176
  • ISSN
    1803-7402 (print)
    2336-4424 (online)
Ancient Greek has at its disposal a complex system of negatives (n-words and negators) that can combine in different ways. Drawing on Xenophon's works, I will show various patterns reflecting the combinations of negatives (negator and n-words) in Ancient Greek sentences; due to its relatively free word order, the place of negative elements may vary considerably. I pay special attention to n-words and negative spread, which is markedly developed in Ancient Greek, and examine the differences between non-strict negative concord languages (like Italian and Spanish) and specific non-strict negative concord languages (like Ancient Greek), arguing for scalar properties of negation.
  • This study was supported by the Charles University project Progres Q10, Language in the shiftings of time, space, and culture.
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