A bird's eye view over a Scandinavian isogloss : exponence of definiteness (in word prosody)

Název: A bird's eye view over a Scandinavian isogloss : exponence of definiteness (in word prosody)
Zdrojový dokument: Brünner Beiträge zur Germanistik und Nordistik. 2016, roč. 30, č. 1, s. 151-166
  • ISSN
    1803-7380 (print)
    2336-4408 (online)
Type: Článek
Licence: Neurčená licence

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The articulation of definiteness in the Scandinavian languages displays an intricate and complex pattern where all levels of grammar are involved. In addition, there is considerable variation at all of these levels, not only across languages and varieties, but also across different constructions within a single variety. In the first half of the paper, the rich information already available on these topics is first put together. In the second half, the variation found in the prosodic realization of definiteness at the word level receives an optimality-theoretic treatment in more detail. The goal is to reduce the quite intriguing variation in the prosody of definiteness to the factorial typology of two structural constraints, namely ONSET and ALIGNMENT(suffix, foot), when everything else remains (more or less) equal.
This paper is based on work done at LANCHART, a research team of the University of Copenhagen, during 2010. Parts of it were presented at the IX Conference on Scandinavian Dialectology held at Uppsala in August 2010 and at the Meeting on Scandinavian Variation held in Reykjavík in October 2010. Many thanks to all the members of the phonetics, sociolinguistics and dialectology groups of the fifth floor at Njalsgade 136 for their help with these materials. Financial support to carry out this work and to attend those conferences is also gratefully acknowledged. Special thanks to Frans Gregersen, leader of LANCHART, who sponsored me at the time. I am nevertheless the only one responsible for data checking and theoretical choice.