Interdisciplinarity as an ideal, crucial substrate for complex and original philological scientific research : (the versatile V. I. Dal and his supreme philological works)

Zdrojový dokument: Linguistica Brunensia. 2022, roč. 70, č. 2, s. 69-77
  • ISSN
    1803-7410 (print)
    2336-4440 (online)
Type: Článek
The present scientific paper deals with the work of the unmissable Russian linguist, brilliant ethnographer and lexicographer, tireless collector of folklore material and at the same time an important writer of the middle of the 19th century − Vladimir Ivanovich Dal, whose 220th anniversary of birth we are commemorating this year. The actual legacy of his culminating, monumental lexicographical work, on which he worked for 53 years, the extensive and, from the point of view of linguistic diachrony and synchrony, Explanatory Dictionary of the Living Great Russian Language, forms the basis of this paper. In it we also find another of Dal's excellent, original and fascinating works – Proverbs of the Russian People. In the present paper we can also get acquainted with V. I. Dal's lively contacts with A. S. Pushkin, V. A. Zhukovsky and other prominent personalities of the time, as V. I. Dal was not only a philologist, but also a renowned physician, a sailor, the founder of the Russian Geographical Society, a prominent ministerial official, the author of textbooks on zoology, botany, physics, logic, and so on. The present article further acquaints us with the reactions of prominent linguists and other personalities of Russian spiritual life to the work of V. I. Dal, among whom we include, for example, Jan Baudouin de Courtenay, Ferdinand de Saussure, M. P. Pogodin, V. G. Belinsky, Andrei Belov, Vladimir Nabokov, Mikhail Sholokhov, Sergei A. Yesenin, A. I. Solzhenitsyn and others.
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