Le temps et la cause – analyse d'une métonymie universelle

Author: Pešek, Ondřej
Source document: Études romanes de Brno. 2010, vol. 31, iss. 1, pp. [27]-40
Extent
[27]-40
  • ISSN
    1803-7399 (print)
    2336-4416 (online)
Type: Article
Language
French
License: Not specified license
Abstract(s)
The aim of this paper is to analyze the relations between time and cause as they are reflected by the French conjunctions. First, applying the diachronic point of view, we show which conjunctions expressing temporal relations are considered by different grammarians as being able to express causal values as well. After having described different types of principals that the causal implication is based on, we confirm the universal validity of the anteriority of the cause to its effect, even if language seems not to observe it in some cases. The adage "post hoc ergo propter hoc" explains well why the conjunctions of anteriority can easily express causal relation. In the second part of our paper we test the real capacity of different conjunctions we analyze to express the cause independently on the meaning of the clauses they link. We propose a coherent description of the functioning of each type of conjunction considered from the point of view of the relation between time and cause.
Document
References:
[1] BÉCHADE, Hervé-D. Syntaxe du français moderne et contemporain. Paris: PUF, 1993.

[2] BRUNOT, Ferdinand. De l'époque latine à la Renaissance, t. I de l'Histoire de la langue française des origines à nos jours. Paris: Armand Colin 1966.

[3] BURIDANT, Claude. Grammaire nouvelle de l'ancien français. Paris: Sedes, 2000.

[4] DANEŠ, František. Věta a text. Praha: Academia, 1985.

[5] DARDEL, Robert de. Esquisse Structurale des Subordonnants Conjonctionnels en Roman Commun. Genève: Librairie Droz, 1983.

[6] GARANGON, A.-M.; CALAS, F. La phrase complexe. De l'analyse logique à l'analyse structurale. Paris: Hachette, 2002.

[7] GREPL, Miroslav; KARLÍK, Petr. Skladba češtiny. Olomouc: Votobia, 1998.

[8] GREVISSE, Maurice. Le bon usage. Paris; Duculot, 2006.

[9] HENDRICH, Josef; TLÁSKAL, Jaromír; RADINA, Otomar. Francouzská mluvnice. Plzeň:Fraus 2001.

[10] KARLÍK, Petr. Studie o českém souvětí. Brno: Masarykova univerzita, 1995.

[11] LE GOFFIC, Pierre. Grammaire de la phrase française. Paris: Hachette, 1994.

[12] MARTIN, Robert; WILMET, Marc. Syntaxe du moyen français. Bordeaux: Sobodi, 1980.

[13] MÉNARD Philippe. Syntaxe de l'ancien français, 3e éd. revue et aug. Bordeaux: Éditions Bière, 1988.

[14] NAZARENKO, Adeline. La cause et son expression en français. Paris: Ophrys, 2000.

[15] RIEGEL, Martin; PELLAT, Jean-Christophe; RIOUL, René. Grammaire méthodique du français. Paris: Quadrige, 2004.

[16] PICOCHE, Jacqueline; MARCHELLO-NIZIA, Christiane. Histoire de la langue française. Paris: Nathan 1991.

[17] TOBLER, A.; LOMMATZSCH, E. Altfranzözisches Wörterbuch, Berlin-Wiesbaden, 1925.

[18] WAGNER, Robert-Léon; PINCHON, Jacqueline. Grammaire du français classique et moderne. Paris: Hachette, 1992.

[19] WILMET, Marc. Grammaire critique du français. Paris: Hachette, 1998. Corpus électronique Frantext: http://www.frantext.fr/