Dispoziční optimismus a defenzivní pesimismus ve vztahu k situační úzkosti a dispoziční úzkostnosti

Variant title
Dispositional optimism and defensive pessimism in relation to anxiety
Source document: Klinická psychologie a osobnost. 2012, vol. 1, iss. 1, pp. 65-72
Extent
65-72
  • ISSN
    1805-6393 (print)
    2336-4432 (online)
Type: Article
Language
Czech
License: Not specified license
Abstract(s)
Výzkumná studie se zabývá vztahem mezi dispozičním optimismem (Carver & Scheier, 2002), defenzivním pesimismem (Cantor & Norem, 1989) a anxietou. Výzkumný soubor tvořilo 146 vysokoškolských studentů a absolventů ve věku mezi 20 a 30 lety. Testová baterie zahrnovala Dotazník defenzivního pesimismu (DPQ), Test životní orientace (LOT-R) a Inventář úzkosti jako stavu a úzkostnosti jako rysu (STAI). Výsledky výzkumu potvrdily některá teoretická východiska. Defenzivní pesimismus pozitivně souvisí s úzkostností. Mezi dispozičním optimismem a úzkostností byl naopak nalezen negativní vztah. Ověřili jsme, že defenzivní pesimismus a dispoziční optimismus jsou na sobě nezávislé, od sebe odlišné teoretické konstrukty.
The exploratory study contributes to clarifications on relation among dispositional optimism/pessimism (Carver & Scheier, 2002), defensive pessimism (Cantor & Norem, 1989) and anxiety. We collected data from 146 undergraduate and graduate students at the age from 20 to 30. Three measures were used: the Defensive Pessimism Questionnaire (DPQ), the Life Orientation Test (LOT-R), and the State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI). The results supported some of hypothesized relations. The defensive pessimism has positive relation to trait anxiety, by contrast dispositional optimism and trait anxiety relate negatively. We found that defensive pessimism and dispositional optimism are different and independent theoretical constructs.
Document
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