Chrám sv. Morice v Kroměříži jako "místo paměti" olomouckého biskupství a biskupa Karla z Lichtensteinu - Castelcorna

Title: Chrám sv. Morice v Kroměříži jako "místo paměti" olomouckého biskupství a biskupa Karla z Lichtensteinu - Castelcorna
Variant title:
  • The St. Moritz Cathedral in Kroměříž as a "site of remembrance" of the Olomouc Bishopric of Karl von Liechtenstein-Castelcorn
Source document: Opuscula historiae artium. 2017, vol. 66, iss. 1, pp. 2-19
  • ISSN
    1211-7390 (print)
    2336-4467 (online)
Type: Article
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In the year 1679, two heraldic-inscriptional monuments were created at the order of Bishop Karl von Liechtenstein-Castelcorn (1664–1695). These monuments are located in the Collegiate Church of St. Moritz. Their purpose was to commemorate not only the figure of this bishop, but also his predecessors, who allegedly were in charge of St. Moritz Church's and its adjacent chapter houses. These predecessors include: Bruno von Schauenburg (1245–1281), Stanislav Thurzo (1496–1540), and Stanislav Pavlovský (1579–1598). The creation of these artistically modest monuments was linked with the systematic reconstruction of the neglected collegiate church of St. Moritz in the 1660s and 1670s (new altars, pavement, sets of paraments, new roofing for spires), which was completed thanks to financial aid from the Kroměříž Chapter in 1693. In this context, the seemingly marginal inscription and symbol panels (from a traditional art history perspective) play a significant role in the process of constituting the memory of Karl von Liechtenstein-Castelcorn. The sculptural monuments and their inscriptions clearly demonstrate that Bishop Karl perceived himself primarily as a part of the continual tradition of Olomouc bishops whom he had joined as another "restorer" and patron of St. Moritz Church and House of Collegiate Chapter. This intentional creation of memory, in which the bishop himself took part, ended up playing a crucial role in following traditions that adopted the main arguments defined by Bishop Karl himself until as late as the 20th century.
Studie vznikla jako výsledek projektu MK CR "Za chrám, město a vlast. Olomoucký biskup Karel z Lichtensteinu-Castelcorna uprostřed barokní Evropy (Karel z Lichtensteinu-Castelcorna)", řešeného v rámci NAKI II: Program na podporu aplikovaného výzkumu a experimentálního vývoje národní a kulturní identity na léta 2016 až 2020, identifikacní kód DG16P02M013.