Observational linguistics, neologisms, entrenchment, and the Tea Party Movement

Title: Observational linguistics, neologisms, entrenchment, and the Tea Party Movement
Author: Lipka, Leonhard
Source document: Brno studies in English. 2010, vol. 36, iss. 1, pp. [95]-101
  • ISSN
    0524-6881 (print)
    1805-0867 (online)
Type: Article
License: Not specified license
OL is an old method for gathering data, including empirical linguistic data. Here, I demonstrate the usefulness of the technique for investigating neologisms with three case studies: on (1) the acronym F1, (2) the TPM, (3) tsunami (with various pronunciations). Tea Party and tsunami are fully entrenched today (2010) in the global speech community. Entrenchment is a relatively new NU which covers both the traditional terms lexicalization and institutionalization. All three are notational terms, which must be explained and defined explicitly. They depend on a smaller or larger (global) speech community and implicitly on a specific time. Neologisms are expressions of the naming need for new referents and concepts in a specific speech community.
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