The cult of Bendis in Athens and Thrace

Title: The cult of Bendis in Athens and Thrace
Source document: Graeco-Latina Brunensia. 2013, vol. 18, iss. 1, pp. [95]-106
  • ISSN
    1803-7402 (print)
    2336-4424 (online)
Type: Article
License: Not specified license
The Thracian goddess Bendis was worshipped in Classical Athens, and her cult became very popular in the 5th and 4th century BC. This article explores the available historiographical and archaeological record of an existing foreign cult within a Greek polis, and compares it to the data from the Thracian inland. As the literary sources limit themselves only to the Greek point of view, a combination of archaeological and epigraphical evidence has to be consulted in the case of Thrace. The aim of this paper is to determine and discuss the uniformity or potential discrepancies in the presentation of Bendis in the place of her origin, as well as in her new context. The mutual relations between Bendis and her Greek counterpart is not to be omitted.
Summary language
[1] Аdam, James. 1902. The Republic of Plato. Cambridge.

[2] Аrchibald, Zofia Halina. 1998. The Odrysian Kingdom of Thrace, Orpheus Unmasked. Oxford.

[3] Beschi, Luigi. 1990. Bendis, the Great Goddess of the Thracians, in Athens. Orpheus, 1, 29–36.

[4] Brixhe, Claude. 2006. Zôné et Samothrace: lueurs sur la langue thrace et nouveau chapitre de la grammaire comparée? Comptes-rendus des séances de l'Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres, 150, 1, 121–146.

[5] Brownson, Carleton L. 1918. Xenophon in Seven Volumes. Cambridge (MA), London.

[6] Čerkezov, Valentin. 1997. Iconography of the Thracian Goddess Bendis on the Tombstones with a Funeral Feast from Southern Thrace. Eirene, 33, 53 – 66.

[7] Дечев, Димитьр. 1955. Култьт на Артемида в областта на Средна Струма. Известия на археологическия институт, XIX, 95–109.

[8] Deoudi, Maria. 2010. Die thrakische Jägerin. Romische Steindenkmäler aus Macedonia und Thracia. Mainz: Ruhpolding.

[9] Драганов, Димитьр – Попов, желязко. 1982. Бронзожото монетосецене на град Кабиле. In: Иванов, Теофил [ed.]. Кабиле 1, Софиа. 18 – 39.

[10] Farnell, LewisRichard. 1986. The Cults of the Greek States. Vol. II. Oxford.

[11] Fol, Alexander – Marazov, Ivan. 1977. Thrace and the Thracians. London.

[12] Forsdyke, Sara. 2012. Slave Tell Tales. Princeton.

[13] Garland, Robert. 1992. Introducing New Gods: The Politics of Athenian Religion. Ithaca (NY).

[14] Gocheva, Zlatozara. 2003. Le culte de la grande Déesse-Mère en Thrace. Thracia XV, 169–178.

[15] Godley, Alfred Denis. 1920. Herodotus. Harvard.

[16] Kloppenborg, John S. – Ascough, Richard S [eds.]. 2011. Greco-Roman Associations: Texts, Translations, and Commentary: Attica, Central Greece, Macedonia, Thrace. Berlin, New York.

[17] Masson, Oliver. 1988. Les noms théophores de Bendis en Grèce et en Thrace. Museum Helveticum, 45, 6–12.

[18] Mihailov, Georgi. 1956–1997. Inscriptiones Graecae in Bulgaria repertae, vols. 1–5. Sofia.

[19] Nails, Debra. 1998. The Dramatic Date of Plato's Republic. Classical Journal, 93 (4), 383–396.

[20] Nilsson, Martin P. 1960. Bendis in Athen. In: Nilsson, Martin P. Opuscula selecta, vol. III. Lund, 55–80.

[21] Огненова, Люба. 1959. Някои аспекти на Бендида вьрху паметници от Тракия. Известия на археологическия институт, XXII, 81–96.

[22] Oliva, Pavel. 2007. Athen und Thrakien. Graecolatina Pragensia, XXII, 191–198.

[23] Pache, Corinne Ondine. 2001. Barbarian Bond: Thracian Bendis Among the Athenians. In: Asirvatham, Sulochana R. – Pache, Corinne Ondine – Watrous, John [eds.]. Between Magic and Religion. Maryland, 3–12.

[24] Parke, HerbertW. 1977. Festivals of the Athenians. London.

[25] Parker, Robert. 1997. Athenian Religion. Oxford.

[26] Pečírka, Jan. 1966. The Formula for the Grant of Enktesis in Attic Inscriptions. Prague.

[27] Planeaux, Christopher. 2000. The Date of Bendis' Entry into Attica. The Classical Journal, 96 (2), 165–192.

[28] Popov, Dimitar. 1976. Essence, origine et propagation du culte de la déesse thrace Bendis. Dialogues d'histoire ancienne, 2, 289–303. | DOI 10.3406/dha.1976.2746

[29] Shorey, Paul. 1969. Plato in Twelve Volumes. Cambridge (MA), London.

[30] Simms, Ronda R. 1988. The Cult of the Thracian Goddess Bendis in Athens and Attica. Ancient World, 18, 59–76.

[31] Simon, Erika. 1983. Festivals of Attica. An Archaeological Commentary. Wisconsin.

[32] Tsiafakis, Despoina. 2000. The Allure and Repulsion of Thracians in the Art of Classical Athens. In: Cohen, Beth [ed.]. Not the Classical Ideal, Athens and the Construction of the Other in Greek Art. Leiden, 364–389.