The roots of an ornament: the origins and symbolism of the swastika
Source document: . Středověké a novověké zdroje tradiční kultury : sborník příspěvků ze semináře konaného 30. listopadu 2005 v Ústavu evropské etnologie. Editor: Křížová, Alena. Vyd. 1. Brno: Ústav evropské etnologie Masarykovy univerzity, 2006, pp. -265
The swastika is an ancient and sacred symbol; its shape is derived from the conjunction of a cross with a circle or square, subsequently dynamized by cuts in the peripheral line. The word comes from Sanskrit, although the symbol occurs in many variations and is documented in many cultures from many eras of human culture. It is a highly dynamic symbol, connected with celestial, mostly solar phenomena, and the calendar; it may also be a good luck charm and a symbol of fertility and fire. Lateral orientation might express various dichotomies important for a particular culture. In the process of cultural change in folk culture during the Christianization of Europe, the swastika gradually lost its place within the group of symbols of the cross; its ornamental use has been preserved locally.
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