Vybrané přístupy k učení se od druhých v online prostředí

Variant title
Selected approaches to learning from others in online environment
Author: Černý, Michal
Source document: ProInflow. 2018, vol. 10, iss. 2, pp. 147-166
Extent
147-166
  • ISSN
    1804-2406 (online)
Type
Article
Language
Czech
License: CC BY 3.0 CZ
Abstract(s)
Účel – Cílem článku je ukázat problematiku sociability jako jednoho ze stěžejních konceptů v teoriích, které se vztahují k vzdělávání v online prostředí. Učení se v kyberprostoru je tématem, které je výzkumně systematicky zkoumáno, ale přehledová studie k jeho vztahu k sociabilitě a sociálním interakcím vůbec do jisté míry chybí. Design/metodologie/přístup – Článek na počátku vymezuje téma online vzdělávání a dále se snaží sledovat klíčové koncepty a teorie, které s ním pracují, jako je konektivismus, kybergogika, imerzivní učení atp. Dále se zaměřuje na otázku, jakým způsobem je možné sociální interakce v online prostředí měřit a analyzovat. Výsledky – V rámci článku se ukazuje, že téma sociability je v online učení vnímané jako cosi esenciálního, jakkoli očima klasické pedagogiky by se mohlo zdát, že online prostředí vede k oslabování sociálních vazeb a interakcí, z hlediska teorií lze říci, že přechod z fyzického do digitálního prostředí má spíše charakter transformace, vedoucí k jiným možnostem komunikace a spolupráce. Originalita/hodnota – V závěru článku se pokoušíme stručně poukázat na fenomén social learning analytics, což je přístup k analýze učení spojený se studiem toho, jak studenti pracují v učebním prostředí směrem k modernějším nástrojům datové analytiky, analýzy sociálních sítí nebo webové analytiky, protože virtuální učební prostředí dnes není ohraničeno primárně vzdělávacím nástrojem, ale má platformní, decentralizovaný a distribuovaný charakter.
Purpose – The aim of the paper is to show the issue of sociability as one of the most difficult concoctions in theories that relate to online learning. Learning in cyberspace is a topic that is systematically explored in research, but a survey about its relation to sociability and social interactions is somewhat lacking. Design/methodology/approach – The paper initially defines the topic of online education and also tries to follow the key concepts and theories that work with it, such as connectivism, cybergetics, immersive learning, etc. It also focuses on how social interactions in the online environment can be measured and analyzed. Results – As part of the article, we demonstrate that the topic of sociability is perceived as something essential in online learning, although the eyes of classical pedagogues might seem to lead to a weakening of social relationships and interactions, from a theoretical point of view the transition from physical to digital it is rather the character of transformation, leading to other possibilities of communication and cooperation. Originality/value – At the end of the paper, we are attempting to briefly point out the phenomenon of social learning analytics, which is an approach to learning analysis associated with studying how students work in a learning environment towards more advanced data analytics tools, social network analytics, or web analytics, as the virtual learning environment is not delimited primarily by the educational tool, but has a decentralized distributed platform character.
Document
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