Socialist realism in the Bulgarian National Theatre's Stage design: processes, influences, concepts

Source document: Theatralia. 2018, vol. 21, iss. 2, pp. 141-160
Extent
141-160
  • ISSN
    1803-845X (print)
    2336-4548 (online)
Type
Article
Language
English
License: Not specified license
Abstract(s)
Set design in Bulgarian theatre history is a field full of questions. There is only one published piece of research which had the aim to cover the processes in to the scenography from the first professional theatre company (at the end of 19th century) until the mid 70's of the 20th century. The biggest problem in this study is the fact that it was written during the Communist regime, so it's hard to be taken as a solid base for contemporary analysis of the theatre situation. Nevertheless, as the only book about the history of set design in Bulgaria, even if it is full of ideological propaganda, it is still used by researchers as a reference. This article is a part of a bigger research project which has the aim of clarifying the process of development of Bulgarian scenography as well as the personal art styles of the different generations of set designers from a contemporary point of view. The crucial points integrated into the research are the political changes which start with the Communist coup in 1944 and completely transformed not only the socio-political life, but also the artistic one. The National Theatre was a scene of the unfolding of the most important and essential developments of theatre processes. Amongst these, the establishment of Socialist Realism was a milestone that marked the changing of aesthetics. Achieving it onstage both thematically and in each of the elements of a production became the task of and a challenge to the National Theatre. In this paper I will focus on several examples from theatre history to show how the standards of Socialist Realism have transformed set design aesthetics.
Document
References:
[1] AVRAMOV, Demiret. 1994. Letopis na edno dramatichno desetiletie [Летопис на едно драматично десетилетие; Annals of a Dramatic Decade]. Věda a umění (Nauka i izkustvo) 1, C (1994).

[2] DINOVA-RUSEVA, Vera. 1975. Istoriia na bŭlgarskata stsenografiia [История на българската сценография; History of Bulgarian Scenography] C., Bŭlg . khudozhnik, 1975.

[3] DINOVA-RUSEVA, Vera. 1977. Georgi Karakashev [Георги Каракашев; Georgi Karakashev] C., Bŭlg. khudozhnik, 1977.

[4] CHERVENKOV, Vulko. 1949. Marksistko-leninskata prosveta i borbata na ideologicheskiia front [Марксистко-ленинската просвета и борбата на идеологическия фронт; Marxist-Leninist education and the struggle on the ideological front], Izkustvo j. 1 (1949): 3–24.t

[5] IORDANOV, Nikolay., R. POPOLIEV, K. NIKOLOVA, V. DECHEVA and J. SPASOVA. 2011. storiia na bŭlgarskiia teatŭr t. 2 [История на българския театър т. 2; History of Bulgarian Theatre vol. 2] C., Institute of Art Studies Press, 2011. ISBN 978-954-8594-25-7.

[6] Ivan Vazov National Theatre archive , a.i. 604, p. 1.

[7] KARASLAVOV, Georgi. 1949. Istoricheskite resheniia na V kongres na Bŭlgarskata komunisticheska partiia [Историческите решения на V конгрес на Българската комунистическа партия; The Historical Decisions taken during the 5th Congress of the Bulgarian Communist Party] Izkustvo j. 1 (1949): 35–69.

[8] LUCKANOV, Nikolay. 1959. Za tvorcheskiia oblik na teatrite [За творческия облик на театрите; About the artistic face of our theatres] Nar. Kultura weekly 1 (3 January 1959): 6.

[9] MESECHKOV, Nedyalko. 1946. "Mashenka" v Narodniia teatŭr ["Машенка" в Народния театър; Mashenka in the National Theatre]. v. Stozher, I 5: 18 (December 1946): 4.

[10] Minutes of a CSAC sitting .1951, f. 143, inv. no. 6. a.i. 227.

[11] MOŻEJKO, Edward. 2009. Sotsialisticheskiiat realizŭm. Teoriia, razvitie, upadŭk [Социалистическият реализъм. Теория, развитие, упадък; Socialist Realism: Theory, Evolution, Decline]. Sofia University Press, 2009. ISBN 978-954-07-2852-0.

[12] NIKOLOVA, Kamelia. 2015. Rezhis'orŭt v bŭlgarskiia teatŭr 1945–2015: ot sotsialisticheskiia realizŭm do postmodernizma [Режисьорът в българския театър 1945–2015: от социалистическия реализъм до постмодернизма; The Theatre Director in Bulgarian Theatre 1945–2015: from Socialist Realism until Postmodernism]. A planned task, Department of Theatre Studies, Institute

[13] of Art Studies, BAS, 2015.

[14] NIKOLOVA, Rumiana. 2015. Model na funktsionirane na bŭlgarskiia teatŭr v perioda 1944–1956 . [Модел на функциониране на българския театър в периода 1944–1956; A Model of Functioning of Bulgarian Theatre during 1944–1956]. A planned task, Department of Theatre Studies, Institute of Art Studies, BAS, 2015: 6.

[15] Protocol from artistic council 1952, Ivan Vazov National Theatre archive , a.i. 759, p. 3–4.

[16] PENEV, Pencho. 1950–1951. Dramata i teatralniiat spektakŭl "Snakha" na stsenata na Filiala pri Narodniia teatŭr [Драмата и театралният спектакъл "Снаха" на сцената на Филиала при Народния театър; The play and the performance Daughter-in-Law on the Second stage in the National Theatre]. Teatŭr j. 5–6 (1950–1951): 8–13.

[17] TEPLICKI, K. 1951–1952. Oshte edin vŭlnuvasht Gorkiev spektakŭl [Още един вълнуващ Горкиев спектакъл; Another one moving performance after Gorki's play] Teatŭr j. 4–5 (1951–1952): 31–35.

[18] UVALIEV, Peter. 1946. Razvideliavane nad choveka. "Mashenka" v Narodniia teatŭr [Развиделяване над човека. "Машенка" в Народния театър; Sun rising over the human. Mashenka in the National Theatre]. Literaturen front III wkly. 6: 26 (October 1946): 2.

[19] Valuable Brotherly Help, an interview with Boris Babochkin, Teatŭr j., 56, 1950–1951.

[20] Naroden teatŭr 'Ivan Vazov' [Народен театър "Иван Вазов"; National Theatre Ivan Vazov]. Letopis: ianuari 1904 – iuli 2004 [Annals: January 1904 – July 2004] (comp. N. Vandov, An. Karakostova, Iv. Gŭrchev, Sn. Gŭlŭbova, As. Konstantinov ) C., ed. Valentin Traianov, 2004. ISBN 954-9928-11-X.