Královský itinerář a královské slavnosti středověké Moravy

Název: Královský itinerář a královské slavnosti středověké Moravy
Variantní název:
  • A royal itinerary and royal feasts in medieval Moravia
Zdrojový dokument: Sborník prací Filozofické fakulty brněnské univerzity. C, Řada historická. 2007, roč. 56, č. C54, s. [99]-120
  • ISSN
Type: Článek
Jazyk shrnutí
Licence: Neurčená licence

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The submitted itinerary overview deals with the issue of ruler entries (adventus regis) and by means of them elaborates on the relationship between rulers' journeys to Moravia and feasts in the Moravian foremost cities. The authors used three different model situations to show frequency and duration of rulers' stays in Moravia: 1) comparison of the itineraries of Přemysl Ottokar II and Wenceslaus II. 2) changes in the frequency of the Moravian stays of Charles IV from the moment he became Moravian margrave to the middle of the 1350s 3) similarities and differencies between travels to Moravia of Matthias Corvinus and Wladislaus Jagiello. The journeys undertaken after coronation or official assumption of monarchic power played the most significant role. In the Premyslid period the rulers endeavoured to govern most of the country in person. But already since the end of the 13th century they concentrated on just a few selected sites. The overview of the itineraries of Bohemian kings and Moravian margraves and three detailed analyses show a gradual systematisation of governance of Moravia. Development of administration and - land as well as court - offices enabled the rulers to govern Moravian margravate from their residences and to visit the land only on occassions. The Premyslid monarchs tried to pay a visit to all Moravian regions and their centres. Still, Brno, which later became the residence of the Luxembourg secundogeniture for several decades, figured in the first place with regard to the presence of the rulers. While in the 13th century the extant sources prove a significant role of Znojmo, later the importance of the bishop residence Olomouc increased, particularly in the period of the Hussite and Czech-Hungarian wars. Matthias Corvinus directed essential acts of his government here. And it is Brno and Olomouc that make it possible for historians to become acquainted with the course of royal feasts in detail, for the resources from other Moravian towns are remarkably scanty.