Written academic discourse in English : from local traditions to global outreach

Author: Chovanec, Jan
Source document: Brno studies in English. 2013, vol. 38, iss. 2, pp. [5]-16
Extent
[5]-16
  • ISSN
    0524-6881 (print)
    1805-0867 (online)
Type: Article
Language
English
License: Not specified license
Abstract(s)
The text discusses the position of local academic traditions in the modern context of global academic discourse dominated by the Anglo-American rhetorical style that represents the standard for modern international academic communication. After reviewing some of the central notions attached to the discipline of genre analysis of written academic discourse, the paper argues for an extension of the traditional research agenda by calling for a broad sociolinguistics of genre. It is suggested that sociological, ethnographic, cross-cultural, translatological, pedagogical and critical approaches may enrich the current understanding of written academic genres. They can do so by revealing some of the ideologies and implicit norms on which particular disciplines rely in the discursive production and reproduction of knowledge, as well as the textual practices present in the transformation, recontextualization, translation, editing, etc., that may affect the eventual form of the academic texts produced, in particular, by non-native scholars coming from other cultural and academic backgrounds than the dominant global English-language model.
Document
References:
[1] Bell, Allan (1984) 'Language style as audience design'. Language in Society 13, 145–204. | DOI 10.1017/S004740450001037X

[2] Bhatia, Vijay K. (1993) Analysing Genre: Language Use in Professional Settings. London: Longman.

[3] Coupland, Nikolas (2001) 'Language, situation, and the relational self: Theorizing dialect-style in sociolinguistics'. In: Eckert, Penelope and John R. Rickford (eds.) Style and Sociolinguistic Variation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 185–210.

[4] Čmejrková, Světla and František Daneš (1997) 'Academic writing and cultural identity: the case of Czech academic writing'. In: Duszak, Anna (ed.) Culture and Styles of Academic Discourse. Berlin and New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 41–61.

[5] Dudley-Evans, Tony and Maggie Jo St. John (1998) Developments in English for Specific Purposes: A Multi-disciplinary Approach. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

[6] Duszak, Anna (1997) 'Cross-cultural academic communication: A discourse-community view'. In: Duszak, Anna (ed.) Culture and Styles of Academic Discourse. Berlin and New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 12–39.

[7] Fanghanel, Joëlle (2012) Being an Academic. London and New York: Routledge.

[8] Hyland, Ken (2004) 'Patterns of engagement: dialogue features and L2 undergraduate writing'. In: Ravelli, Louise and Robert Ellis (eds.) Analyzing Academic Writing: Contextualized Frameworks. London: Continuum, 5–23.

[9] Hyland, Ken (2008) 'Academic clusters: text patterning in published and postgraduate writing'. International Journal of Applied Linguistics 18 (1), 41–61. | DOI 10.1111/j.1473-4192.2008.00178.x

[10] Hyland, Ken (2009) Academic Discourse. London: Continuum.

[11] Hyland, Ken (2012) 'Genre and Discourse Analysis in Language for Specific Purposes'. In: Chapelle, Carol A. (ed.) The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics. Blackwell Publishing. DOI: 10.1002/9781405198431.wbeal0452 | DOI 10.1002/9781405198431.wbeal0452

[12] Lillis, Theresa and Mary Jane Curry (2010) Academic Writing in a Global Context. The Politics and Practices of Publishing in English. London and New York: Routledge.

[13] Mauranen, Anna (2012) Exploring ELF: Academic English Shaped by Non-native Speakers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

[14] Myers, Greg (2012) 'English. Whose English?' Discourse, Context & Media 1, 149–150.

[15] Seidlhofer, Barbara (2011) Understanding English as a Lingua Franca. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

[16] Swales, John (1990) Genre Analysis: English in Academic and Research Settings. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

[17] Swales, John (1997) 'English as a Tyrannosaurus Rex'. World Englishes 16 (3), 373–382. | DOI 10.1111/1467-971X.00071

[18] Swales, John (2004) Research Genres. New York: Cambridge University Press.

[19] Tarasheva, Elena (2011) 'The place of Eastern European researchers in international discourse: Critical discourse analysis applied to corpora from specialized journals'. Discourse and Society 22 (2), 190–208. | DOI 10.1177/0957926510392129