"Art wages a difficult battle with nature here" : on the history of Pernštejn park
Source document: Opuscula historiae artium. 2016, vol. 65, iss. 1, pp. 18-33
ISSN1211-7390 (print)2336-4467 (online)
License: Not specified license
This article seeks to present a complex interpretation of the history of Pernštejn Park and to revise some shared conclusions that are uncritically based on an artistic topography of Gregor Wolny. Archive sources provide evidence of an ornamental garden on the grounds of Pernštejn Castle during the life of Franz Stockhammer prior to the existence of a garden fulfilling the simple role of an orchard. The sources of inspiration for the baroque garden in Pernštejn may be clarified by the treatises on garden arts in the Stockhammer library. The garden's appearance at its most opulent at the start of the 19th century, when it was the property of the Schröffels of Mannsberk, can be reconstructed on the basis of a surviving inventory, contemporary references in literature, and vedutes. The architectural structures in Pernštejn Park correspond to structures typical of sentimental parks (jardin anglo-chinois) established in the second half of the 18th century in France and from the end of the 18th century in Moravia. A key figure who may have been an intermediary at Pernštejn of the idea for a fashionable sentimental garden was Brno sculptor Andreas Schweigl, who saw in these parks examples of the most remarkable works of contemporary art.