Oidipus redivivus : Teatro Olimpico 1585

Title: Oidipus redivivus : Teatro Olimpico 1585
Variant title:
  • Oidipus redivivus : Teatro Olimpico 1585
Source document: Theatralia. 2017, vol. 20, iss. 2, pp. 59-68
  • ISSN
    1803-845X (print)
    2336-4548 (online)
Type: Article
License: Not specified license

Notice: These citations are automatically created and might not follow citation rules properly.

První zaznamenaná inscenace řecké tragédie v nové době se konala ve Vicenze v r. 1585, a to v nově otevřeném divadle (dnes známém jako Teatro Olimpico). Autorem stavby byl známý architekt Andrea Palladio, po jehož smrti ji dokončil Vicenzo Scamozzi, který Palladiův návrh obohatil o iluzivní dekoraci. Divadlo inspirované Vitruviovým spisem Deset knih o architektuře je jistou kombinací římských a renesančních architektonických principů, z nichž je utkán ideální obraz návratu k antice, této utopie promítnuté do minulosti. Titul zvolený ke slavnostnímu otevření divadla byl vybrán tak, aby podpořil prestiž divadla i Vicenzy a její Accademie.
The first modern production of classical Greek tragedy was put on in Vicenza in 1585 in a then newly opened theatre, today known as Teatro Olimpico. The author of the building plan was Andrea Palladio, renowned architect who died before the construction of the theatre was finished. It was completed by Vicenzo Scamozzi, another famous Italian architect, who enhanced the stage by an illusionary decorative background. The completed theatre building, the architectonic plan of which was inspired by Vitruvius' Ten Books on Architecture, is a combination of classical Roman and Renaissance architectonic principles, representing an ideal image of Antiquity created by Palladio and Scamozzi's fellows – a contemporary utopia projected into the past. The play chosen for the opening of the house, Sophocles' Oedipus the King, underlined the prestige of the institution, as well as of the whole city and its Academia. What can be learnt about the production from various contemporary resources is a subject of the present paper.
[1] DIGRIN, Zdeněk. 1995. Divadlo učenců a diplomatů [Theatre of Scholars and Diplomats]. Praha: Divadelní ústav, 1995.

[2] FLASHAR, Hellmut. 1991. Oedipus in Vicenza. In id. Inszenierung der Antike. Das griechische Drama auf der Bühne der Neuzeit 1585–1990. München: Beck, 1991: 27–34.

[3] GALLO, Alberto. 1973. La prima rappresentazione al teatro Olimpico. Con i progetti e le relazioni dei contemporanei. Milano, 1973.

[4] KRÁL, Josef. 1891. Filologická činnost Petra Codicilla z Tulechova [Philological Writings of Petr Codicillus de Tulechow]. Listy filologické (1891): 402–409.

[5] LURIE, Michael. 2012. Facing Up to Tragedy, Toward an Intellectual History of Sophocles in Europe from Camerarius to Nietzsche. In Kirk Ormand (ed.). A Companion to Sophocles. Oxford, Chicester: Willey Blackwell, 2012: 440–461.

[6] PUPPI, Lionello. 1974. Le esperienze scenografiche palladiane prima del'Olimpico. Bulletino del Centro Internazionale di Studi di Architettura A. Palladio XVI, 1974: 16: 287–307.

[7] REINHARDT, Karl. 1979. Sophocles. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1979.

[8] SEAR, Frank. 1973. Roman Theatres. An Architectural Study. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1973.

[9] SCHRADE, Leo. 1960. La représentation d'Edipo Tiranno au Teatro Olimpico. Paris: Éditions du centre national de la recherche Scientifique, 1960: 83–156.

[10] TREU, Martina. 2016. The History of Ancient Drama in Modern Italy. A Handbook to the Reception of Greek Drama. Chichester: Wiley Blackwell, 2016: 221–237.