Pojetí čarodějnictví a jeho perzekuce podle Normana Cohna a Margaret Murrayové: metahistorie

Variant title
The conception of witchcraft and its persecution according to Norman Cohn and Margaret Murray: a metahistory
Source document: Sacra. vol. 13, iss. 2, pp. 59-76
Extent
59-76
  • ISSN
    1214-5351 (print)
    2336-4483 (online)
Type: Article
Language
Czech
License: Not specified license
Abstract(s)
The purpose of this work is to provide a detailed analysis of two different conceptions of witchcraft and its persecution presented in the works The Witch-cult in Western Europe (1933) and The God of the Witches (1933) by Margaret Murray and Europe's Inner Demons (1975) by Norman Cohn. I have used a metahistorical approach for my analysis, an approach which was first presented and used by Hayden White (1973). This approach enabled the conception of these works as stories, analysis of their key features by tools usually used for fictional stories and comparison. The aim of this analysis has been to reconstruct the way in which Norman Cohn and Margaret Murray configured their stories and to understand the reasons for the persuasiveness of their stories of witchcraft in the academic and non-academic background on the level of their narrative construction. In addition, I have tried briefly to outline the shift in the theories and arguments of Margaret Murray in her aforementioned works which were published with more than a decade between them.
Document
References:
[1] Cohn, N. (2000/1975). Europe's Inner Demons: The Demonization of Christians in Medieval Christendom. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

[2] Copenhaver, B. B. (2009). Europe's Inner Demons: An Enquiry Inspired by the Great Witch-Hunt. By Cohn Norman. The Columbus Centre Series: Studies in the Dynamics of Persecution and Extermination. London: Chatto, Heinemann for Sussex University Press, 1975. (Book Review). Church History, 44(4), 529.

[3] Haman, A. (2012). Metahistorie – poststrukturalistická klasika. Tvar, 2.2.2012. Nalezeno [8.4.2015] na http://nakladatelstvi.hostbrno.cz/ohlasy/metahistorie/metahistoriepoststrukturalisticka-klasika.

[4] Murray, M. (2014/1933). The God of the Witches. Charleston: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform.

[5] Murray, M. (2014/1921). The Witch-Cult in Western Europe: A Study in Antropology. Charleston: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform.

[6] Pearce, R. (2005). Europe's Inner Demon. History Today, 55(5), 90.

[7] Simpson, J. (1994). Margaret Murray: Who Believed Her and Why?. Folklore, 105(1–2), 89–96. | DOI 10.1080/0015587X.1994.9715877

[8] White, H. (2011). Metahistorie: Historická imaginace v Evropě devatenáctého století. Brno: Host.